3 Biographies en anglais

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Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 - 18 January 1936) was an English short-story writer, poet, and novelist chiefly remembered for his celebration of British imperialism, his tales and poems ofBritish soldiers in India, and his tales for children. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1907. He was born in Bombay, in British India, he is best known for his works of fiction TheJungle Book (1894) (a collection of stories which includes "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi"), Kim (1901) (a tale of adventure), many short stories, including "The Man Who Would Be King" (1888); and his poems, includingMandalay (1890), Gunga Din (1890) He is regarded as a major "innovator in the art of the short story";his children's books are enduring classics of children's literature; and his best works are saidto exhibit "a versatile and luminous narrative gift".
Kipling was one of the most popular writers in English, in both prose and verse, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The author Henry Jamessaid of him: "Kipling strikes me personally as the most complete man of genius (as distinct from fine intelligence) that I have ever known."
Kipling's subsequent reputation has changed according tothe political and social climate of the age and the resulting contrasting views about him continued for much of the 20th century. A young George Orwell called him a "prophet of Britishimperialism".According to critic Douglas Kerr: "He is still an author who can inspire passionate disagreement and his place in literary and cultural history is far from settled. But as the age of the Europeanempires recedes, he is recognised as an incomparable, if controversial, interpreter of how empire was experienced. That, and an increasing recognition of his extraordinary narrative gifts, make him a forceto be reckoned with."

Cecil John Rhodes {5 July 1853 - 26 March 1902} was an English-born businessman, mining magnate, and politician in South Africa. He was the founder of the diamond company...