Abraham Maslow - A theory of human motivation

 A theory of human motivation (originally published in Psychological Review, 1943, Vol. 50 #4, pp. 370–396).
 Devenir le meilleur de soi-même : Besoins fondamentaux, motivation etpersonnalité, Chapitre 2, Une théorie de la motivation humaine, traduction Emily Borgeaud, Eyrolles, 2008. (originally Motivation and Personality published in 1954).

1. Framework

Born in Brooklyn, New York, Maslow was the first ofseven children of Jewish immigrants from Russia. His parents were uneducated, but they insisted that he should study law. At first, Abraham acceded to their wishes and enrolled in the City College of New York. However, after three semesters hetransferred to Cornell, then back to CCNY. After he married his first cousin, Bertha Maslow, he moved to Wisconsin to attend the University of Wisconsin-Madison from which he received his B.A. (1930), his M.A. (1932), and his Ph.D. (1934) in psychology. Whilein Wisconsin, Maslow studied with Harry Harlow, who was known for his controversial experiments on rhesus monkeys and attachment behavior. A year after graduation, Maslow returned to New York to work with E. L. Thorndike at Columbia.
Maslow beganteaching full time at Brooklyn College. During this time he met many leading European psychologists, including Alfred Adler and Erich Fromm. In 1951, Maslow became the chairman of the psychology department at Brandeis University, where he began histheoretical work. There, he met Kurt Goldstein, who introduced him to the idea of self-actualization. Later, Maslow developed self-actualization into an area for research and application. In fact, Maslow dedicated Toward a Psychology of Being (1968) toKurt Goldstein.
He retired to California, where he died of a heart attack in 1970, aged 62, after years of ill health.


 A Theory of Human Motivation (originally published in Psychological Review, 1943, Vol. 50 #4, pp. 370–396). [à continuer]

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