A Künstlerroman is a specific sub-genre of Bildungsroman; it is a novel about an artist's growth to maturity. Such novels often depict the struggles of a sensitive youth against the values of a bourgeois society of his or her time.
Un des principaux thème de la trilogie de Dos Passos est le problème d'indépendance de la société américaine. L'Amérique a raté son passage à unâge adulte: D. P. métaphorise cette pensée à l'aide du complexe d'Oedipe, d'où l'évocation de la complexité des rapports sexuels.
"The Camera Eye," autobiographical episodes rendered in a Joycean stream of consciousness. Là-dessus, il faudrait comparer avec Joyce ; certains disent que c’est un style joycien tandis que d’autres nuancent beaucoup plus. Il faudrait simplement montrer la divergencequ’on trouve chez certains critiques sur ce sujet.
It has been taken to be a device which seeks to demonstrate the ability of the private consciousness to survive in the modern world.
The stream-of-consciousness material is not pure interior monologue as in Molly's Ulysses but consists of the constant intertwining of exterior event and interior reflection, in which "the world outside" playsan important role in the world consciousness.
The fifty-one episodes form a kind of novel of development in which the protagonist comes to see his proper role in life and begins to understand it.
The camera eye is also autobiographical for the most part, and illuminates phases of the author's life.
It seems that this section succeeds in expressing the author's innermost feeling about lifeand people which he could not do in his narrative proper.
Résumé des Camera-Eye : In The 42nd Parallel, one sees him as a child in Tidewater Virginia, traveling in Europe, at school in England, his "four years under the ether cone" at Harvard,
his presence at protest meetings and cafes in New York on the night of the entrance into the war.
Apparently, Dos Passos is very sensitive andfastidious, recalling from the grubby masses and yet seeing in them the backbone and heart of the America which "the great sweep of his novel shows being corrupted, debauched, and enslaved by the forces of commercial rapacity". Dos Passos sees America through the lens of poetic tradition which impels him to identify the physical elements of his nation with the dream of greatness and individualrealization.
The form expresses a chaos.
It seems difficult to get a sense of comprehensible process that might be analysed and controlled by the scientific method, because it is a moral deterioration that Dos Passos depicts. Dos Passos felt that, properly used, the Camera Eye can perceive, record, and communicate in full unatltered power.
Similarly, the Camera Eye, an openly lyricalBildungsroman, traces the subjective development
of the "real" John Dos Passos as he personally experiences the events through which the fictional characters live.
John Dos Passos met côte à côte l'objectivité (Newspapers) et la subjectivité (Camera-Eye).
The Camera Eye persona, however, is an acutely sensitive observer who develops into not just a political radical but a writer whose mission will bethe championing of the disenfranchised.
The fifty-one Camera Eye monologues also relate to events in the characters’ lives and those described in the Newsreels and short biographies.
Dos Passos’s writing, it has the poet’s acuteness of sensuous perception –sights, sounds, smells, tastes, that fairly leap from the print to engulf you. Occasionally a whole page comes as clear and true as alyric –for example, The Camera Eye (25), the nostalgia of spring night in Harvard Square. (John Dos Passos - Barry Maine - The Critical Heritage page 78)
The Camera Eye’ in a succession of flashes, twenty-seven in all, carrying the thread of time subjectively in the recollections of a boy as he grows on form childhood through adolescence –bright fragment of memory of walks, cabs, boats,...