I - The autor
-Lewis Carroll ( 1832-1898 )
-He lived during Victorian’s reign
-His real name was Charles Lutwidge Dodgson.
- ( English ) Photographer / mathematician / writer
- He spent his youth in Yorkshire and liked to make puppet shows.
- In 1851, he enters to the university of Oxford and obtains a diploma of mathematics
- Hecontinues his career as teacher at the university and is ordered deacon in 1861.
( a deacon = un diacre is a role in the Christian church which consist in representing the help of the Christ )
-Besides his educational works on the mathematics, he writes news(short stories) in the magazine ' The Train ' under Lewis Carroll's pen name.
- In 1865 he publishes his most famous work ' Alice inthe Wonderland ', surrealist narrative having for heroine a little girl
-He gives him it a continuation in 1872 ( Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There )
- In photography, his favourite subjects are girls disguised as fairy
II - The idea of writing ‘ Alice in the wonderland ‘
- Alice was published in 1865, three years after the Reverend Charles Lutwidge Dodgsonand the Reverend Robinson Duckworth rowed in a boat, on 4 July 1862, up the River Thames with three young girls:
Lorina Charlotte Liddell (aged 13, born 1849) ("Prima" in the book's prefatory verse)
Alice Pleasance Liddell (aged 10, born 1852) ("Secunda" in the prefatory verse)
Edith Mary Liddell (aged 8, born 1853) ("Tertia" in the prefatory verse).
The three girls were the daughters ofHenry Liddell, the Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University and Dean of Christ Church as well as headmaster of Westminster School.
The journey had started near Oxford and ended five miles away. Dodgson told the girls a story that he had just invented, they loved it, and Alice Liddell asked Dodgson to write it down for her.
III - The story
Alice is very bored and sleepy while sitting withher older sister outside, until she sees a White Rabbit looking at his watch and talking to himself. She follows the Rabbit down a very deep rabbit hole and ends up far beneath the ground in a hall with a tiny locked door that leads to a beautiful garden. She eats and drinks things that make her change in size, but she is still unable to get through the door into the garden.
When she becomeshuge, she cries in frustration and when she shrinks, she is small enough to swim around in a pool made of her own tears. In the pool, she encounters many creatures, including a Mouse. The creatures and Alice manage to get out of the pool and dry off, but Alice is soon left alone.
Alice finds the Rabbit's house and grows huge after drinking a strange liquid. She terrifies the rabbit and hisneighbours and grows very small again after fanning herself. Alice then comes across a Caterpillar smoking a hookah. He irritates Alice and asks her to recite poetry, which she cannot do properly. The Caterpillar informs Alice that eating one side of the mushroom he is sitting on will make her larger but eating the other side will make her smaller. Alice is still trying to become the right size to get intothe garden.
She comes to a house in the woods, where a Duchess, her ugly baby, her hostile Cook, and her Cheshire Cat reside. The kitchen is full of pepper and dishes which were hurled in anger. Alice tries to save the baby from this environment, but the baby soon turns into a pig, so she is forced to let it go. The Cheshire Cat appears, grins at Alice, and recommends that she visit the MadHatter or the March Hare. The Cheshire Cat vanishes and reappears suddenly. Finally, he disappears gradually so only his grin remains.
Alice goes to the March Hare's house, where she finds a tea-party going on. Alice sits down at the table with the Hare, the Hatter, and the Dormouse. She finds them rude and quickly becomes annoyed with them, so she leaves. She decides to go through a door in a tree...