Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland.
Due to its neo-classical architecture, Nicknamed Athens of the North because it was a major centre of the Enlightenment.
The Old Town and New Town districts of Edinburgh were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995.
Until the late 18th century, Edinburgh consisted, almost exclusively, of what is now known as the Old Town (thearea where you'll find the Castle, Royal Mile and Grassmarket).
1707 saw the Act of Union, which joined Scotland and England together politically, and moved power from Edinburgh's old parliament to London's Westminster.
Edinburgh Airport is Scotland's busiest airport and principal international gateway to the capital.
Want to have the Pass to Edinburgh?
With free entry to over 30 topattractions, free return airport, free comprehensive guidebook as well as loads of special offers, the Edinburgh Pass is the best way to discover all that Edinburgh has to offer. Typical savings of £60 on a 3 Day Pass. The Edinburgh Pass is available for 1, 2 or 3 CONSECUTIVE days.
The Royal Mile:
The Royal Mile is a succession of streets which form the main thoroughfare of the OldTown of the city of Edinburgh in Scotland. As the name suggests, the Royal Mile is approximately one Scots mile long, and runs between two foci of history in Scotland, from Edinburgh Castle at the top of the Castle Rock down to Holyrood Abbey. The streets which make up the Royal Mile are (west to east) Castle Esplanade, Castlehill, Lawnmarket, High Street, Canongate and Abbey Strand. The RoyalMile is Edinburgh Old Town's busiest tourist street, rivalled only by Princes Street in the New Town.
Edinburgh Castle is a castle fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, from its position atop the volcanic Castle Rock. The castle stands up on the plug of an extinct volcano. Edinburgh Castle remains the most popular paid visitorattraction in Scotland, with nearly 1.2 million visitors in 2009. Historic Scotland maintains a number of facilities within the castle, including two cafés/restaurants, several shops, and numerous historical displays. An educational centre in the Queen Anne Building runs events for schools and educational groups, including re-enactors in costume and with period weaponry. There are also a number ofre-enactors employed for the general public. The castle is also the focus for a massive fireworks display on New Year's Eve. The castle houses the Honours (Crown Jewels) of Scotland, the Stone of Destiny, the famous 15th century gun Mons Meg, the One O' Clock Gun and the National War Museum of Scotland (Trace developments in warfare as swords were replaced in the 18th century by guns and see how weaponsevolved).
The oldest building in the castle, and in Edinburgh, is the small St. Margaret's Chapel.
The One O'Clock Gun is a time signal, and is fired every day at precisely 13:00, excepting Sunday, Good Friday and Christmas Day. The gun was established in 1861 as a time signal for ships in the Firth of Forth.
The Grassmarket is a small area of central Edinburgh, Scotland, namedafter the old market square at its heart. From 1477 to 1911, one of Edinburgh's main markets for horse and cattle. It was also the setting for public executions. The old market area is surrounded by pubs, clubs, local retail shops, and two large Apex Hotels. Many students live in the Grassmarket, though its openness (due to the large market space) and proximity to the centre of town tend to increasehouse prices. Pedestrian Area.
The Scotch Whisky Heritage Centre:
Visit the new Scotch Whisky Experience for a sensational journey! Take a swirling, bubbling barrel ride through a replica distillery as you become part of the whisky making process.
Concession (OAP’s, students): £8.95
Child (6-17years): £5.95
Family (2 adults and up to 4 children): £27