1- Human environment
- Positive and negative impacts
2- Physical environment
- Positive and negative impacts
When we talk about the tourism industry, it includes various tourist activities.
These activities take place in an environment. We can say clearly that tourism depends on this environment. This includes everything around us;we speak of physical and human environment. The aim of the study is actually to highlight the impacts of Tourism on the environment; in the case of Mauritius. Whether, they are positive or negative.
For example, on January, 1, 2009; Socyberty, published an article entitled “Tourism impacts in Mauritius”, According to this article, the socio-cultural relation tends to change,attitudes, lifestyle, mode of expression and community structures. The impacts described previously are related to the effects on the host communities of direct and indirect relations with tourists, and of interaction with the tourism industry, said the author.
Positive and negative points are cited by the author of the article. Here are some examples:
- Facilities developed for tourism canbenefits resident”: People living in the region of Flic- En -Flac and Wolmar can benefit from the facilities provided by the government in order to supply a good and efficient service to Tourists. The government made provision for facilities such as medical services, transport improvements, restaurant, new sport, rules and regulations to ensure safety for tourists for example beach police and goodroad network.
- Tourism as a force of peace: Most local people in the location are in contact with tourism and it has helped them in the contribution of better understanding between individuals and cultures
In the other side, it mentions the bad impacts we cannot overlook, such as “job level friction”: the distribution of jobs in hotels create a lot of anger and frustration among employees becauseit has been seen that most of the high level posts are held by expatriates whereas local people are given jobs as waiters, barmen, receptionists and many other lower level jobs.
Increase cost of living: facilities and services that are provided in these regions are very expensive because they are mostly meant for tourists.
Crime generation: mass tourism has also given rise to many crimes. Manypeople tend to thieves. They rob tourists in order to make easy money.
Acculturation: Another problem that can be noticed in Flic-en-Flac. In the process of adopting another culture local people are forgetting their own culture. Almost 90% of people residing and working in Flic-en-Flac and Wolmar have changed their life style.
Prostitution and Sex tourism: There are many girls and women whobecome prostitute.
Loss of authenticity: In the hotels different types of religious rituals and festivals are often celebrated to entertain the guests.
The tourist policy promotes elite and specialist tourism, because of the limited space available for tourism and the need to maximise income while minimizing the environmental impact.
Low budget tourism is not reallyencouraged, preferring high-end and luxury tourism.
These are some statistics:
In 1970, Mauritius had about 18,000 visitors. Between 1985 and 2000 an increase of tourist arrival is measured, grew by approximately 340%
In 2004: 720, 000 visitors were recorded
And in 2000, 30,000 full time job were created
While, the amount of resorts clustered in parts of the coastline is increasing, despiteenvironmental concerns about pollution and damages to coral reefs.
Indeed, Mauritius is a well known diving destination, undersea walk and submarine dives. The main dive centres are Grand Baie, Flic en Flac, Blue Bay, Belle Mare.
An article was published on the “International journal of environmental, cultural, economic and social sustainability”, entitled: “the environmental impacts of tourism at the...