The British constitution is not a written document. It is said to be unwritten. But there are documents that composed the constitution. It’s a century’s old accumulation statues judicial decisions, customs and conventions. The British constitution is not unwritten because it is not one single written document. But you can find the British constitution in an accumulationof British documents. However British constitution is not one single Constitution, it shows how the institutions work and the rights of duties of citizens in the country. The Magna Carta, the great chart, in 1215 protects the Community against the Monarch. The Bill of Rights of 1689 extends the power of Parliament. The Act of Settlements stipulated that only a protestant king could be BritishMonarch. It was ended at fighting again Catholic kings. Great Britain is composed of Wales, Brittany and Scotland and the United Kingdom is composed of all of these and Northern Ireland. The British King is the head of the church in England. The reform Act of 1832 reforms the system of representation in Parliament. The Parliament Acts limited the influenced of Lord’s house. The house of commons iselective and the house of lords is an unselective chamber.
King John Lackland signed the Magna Carta in 1215. He wanted to finance a war against France. But his council of advisors was particularly anxious about this war because it was too expensive. We were in a feudal system. The Lords at that time, because the King needed money, forced King John to sign an agreement. He agreed and it was theMagna Carta, but it didn’t count into effect immediately because the king decided to ask the pope to cancel it in 1216. The pope agreed, but in 1265, Henry III reestablished the agreement. There was a sort of civil war between the Lords and the monarch. The Magna Carta guaranteed the respect of feudal rights. It established a council in charge of controlling taxation policies. It also protected thesociety against an excessive power of the monarch. The king could no longer imprisoned people without reasons. It said bases for modern Justice in a way by saying that it was the duty of prosecution to bring evidence of culpability. The Magna Carta said it was the prosecution which has to prove that the other part was wrong. Magna Carta is still important today because it proved the power of themost important figure in England is limited by a written document.
The Bill of Rights is part of a process of a sort of fight against Catholic monarchs. King James II in 1688 was deposed after the Glorious revolution or the bloodless revolution. It was a revolution of the Parliament against the King because the parliament finds that the king was too catholic. He decided to banish the king andto replace him by William of Orange. It was a Dutch protestant king. An English Catholic king is far worst that a protestant king. William of Orange accepted .But the Parliament offered it under several conditions. The king was in position of weakness. The king had to sign the Bill of Rights. The Bill of rights restricted the prerogatives of the monarch with justice and taxation. The monarch couldno longer to raise taxes or an army without the consent of Parliament. It is the process which started with the Magna Carta and it continued with the Bill of Rights. It also provided of free election to elect members of Parliament and unlimited freedom speech of members of Parliaments. The Bill of Rights said that the King could no longer hold a member of parliament responsible of what he says inParliament. It becomes a sort of sanctuary. The Bill of Rights established the Principe of the rules of law.
The Act of Settlement is just the Conclusion of the Bill of Rights. It claimed that only a protestant could go to the throne of England.
The reform Act was introduced the electoral system in United Kingdom. The context was in the Industrial revolution. England was the leader. The...