Charles 1

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This document shows an announcement by the King Charles at Newcastle to the subjects in Scotland in order to calm down the people, to stop the rebellion. It was written on the 14th of May 1639. Inthis text, the King tells them what he wants them to do. His army has advanced and they are about to arrive in Berwick. But Charles wants to clear the situation. He explains that his intentions aregood. If civil people obey and cooperate, they won’t do anything violent. But if in on the contrary, Scotland raises armies and bring them near the English border, the King will consider it as aninvasion. And he will respond by sending his own army which is going to destroy the invaders of England. Scotland should collaborate for the safety of both territories. The revolts started in 1637 namelybecause of religious changes. Charles ordered the Scottish Protestants to follow the rules of the bishops and use the English Prayer book. He wanted to change the way they worshipped and bring up thebishops. But the Scots who were most of them Puritans hated those changes. One year before this declaration in November, King Charles raised an army against the Scottish people but at last, he failedbecause a lack of money to fight. He ruled without the Parliament from 1629 to 1640 and he was broke. That’s why in May 1639 he tried to reach an agreement.

On the 1rst of December was delivered theGrand Remonstrance to the King. It summarizes all of Parliament's opposition to Charles policies and it called for the expulsion of all bishops from Parliament. It was first proposed by John Pym, theleader of opposition to the King in Parliament. Then, four other people were involved in that Grand Remonstrance. The King responded on 23rd of December. On the 5th of January 1642, the King wantedthe 5 members of Parliament to be arrested. This lead to this declaration from the 12th of January 1642. It was agreed by the committee of the House of Commons. In this paper, the topics are the...