Does China terrorize Tibet?
On March, 18th 2008, an article from The New York Times raises the topic of the Chinese people’s behaviour on the so-called “self-governing” Tibetan territory.
Here is a legitimate and justified issue that follows the violent repression of the Tibetan upheaval that happened in 1959.
Theseevents moved the international public opinion and triggered a controversy but the powerful states remained silent.
Indeed, some organizations asked for democracy and respect of the human rights.
Few powerful politicians chose to give their opinion about this issue. They remained very discreet and just asked very shyly for an “invitation to restrain”.
This international silence proves the Chinesepower and its exponential economic promises. (The money diplomacy used as the contemporary anaesthetic)
The Chinese omnipotence issue face to the deafening silence of the international community, through the example of Tibet is the subject I would like to raise.Introduction
I read an article from the NY times, published on March 2008, entitled “China terrorizes Tibet”. This article raised the topic of the violation of human rights in Tibet, exercised by the Chinese authorities. The title of this article makes me a big impression and makes me wonder if the Chinese behaviour in Tibet could be qualified as terrorism. The question of the qualificationof the Chinese behaviour in Tibet is the starting point of my presentation. Is the Chinese behaviour in Tibet legal? Is it an occupation or a lawful action? Many questions can be asked about the Tibetan issue but one last very important about the reaction or better said the lack of reaction of the International Community. In order to understand this situation and its treatment by theInternational Community we have to mention what the history of this conflict is.
So, we can see on this map that Tibet is one part of China, an autonomous territory, situated on west China. Officially, China advocates autonomy of its five territories but in reality suppresses its minorities. Tibet is a territory where the population wants to be liberated from the Chinese oppression, but China will never givemore autonomy to the Tibetans.
In fact, we can understand when we look at the main historic facts that the relationships between China and Tibet are complex. Originally, Tibet was independent, but after the establishment of the People Republic of China, the Chinese government laid claim to this territory. Indeed, this territory was an energetic godsend for a country in development. The Chineseannexation met a strong protest. In 1959, on March 10th, an important uprising took place with thousand of Tibetans’ death. This date is also important because it corresponds to the exile of the Dalai Lama and of his government. This date is commemorated each year by the Tibetans, and in 2008, during the commemorations, the Chinese repression was particularly violent and bloody, and shocked theInternational public opinion.
The origin of the conflict
Before coming back on these events, we have to explain the origin of the conflict. Here I will mention the two points of view.
* The Chinese point of view
To the question if the Tibet is a part of China, the Chinese representatives answer that after 700 years of sovereignty exercise over Tibet, China is in a lawful position. Theyalso add that Tibet has never been recognized by the International Community as an independent state.
* The Tibetan point of view
To the same question, the Tibetan representatives answer that in other periods Tibet exercised its influence and power over its neighbours, including China. They add that in the case of Tibet, finally the degree and duration of foreign influence and interference was...