1. A melancholic mood
As in much of Shakespeareʼs work, the weather in The Great Gatsby matches the story. The plot andthe seasons are deeply intricated. The mansion on the other end also functions as a symbol of Gatsbyʼs wealth and dreams. Weʼll discuss the connection between the house and Fitzgeraldʼs character.
A. The weather and the plot
Autumn comes with Jayʼs desillusions whereas the climactic confrontation between Gatsby and Tom occured in the heat of the summer. The events in The Great Gatsby areunfailingly tied to the seasons. Daisy and Gatsbyʼs reunion took place under a pouring rain, hence creating an intense feeling of nostalgia. Happiness and sunny weather followed as long as their relationship lasted. Itʼs nothing but logical that the traumatic events that happened in chapter 7 marked the end of the summer and the beginning of autumn. Nickʼs sleep is disrupted by the « fog-horn groaningincessantly on the Sound ». The fog-horn here is given a personality -- fog normally doesnʼt groan -- reminding of Verlaineʼs poem, Chanson dʼautomne : « Les sanglots longs / Des violons / De lʼautomne / Blessent mon coeur / Dʼune langueur monotone ». Autumn is associated with melancholy. The possibilities of summer are gone, and the chill of winter is on the horizon. Autumn also representsmetaphorically both the off-wagon reality of the characters and their souls. The narrator qualiﬁes reality as « grotesque » correlating the sad turn of events and the dark, tempetuous late hours of the night. Similarly, Nickʼs dreams are « savage » and it seems a comparison is made between the uncontrolled weather and his own state of mind. Weʼre given the impression nature hurts the characters inrevenge, as if by playing with their past and solely pursuing pleasure they had to pay back a debt. The rooms in the house are depicted as « musty », and the « humidor » only saved « two cigarettes ». The cigarettes are symbols : their only purpose is to introduce Gatsbyʼs very last souvenirs. The characters canʼt ﬁght the growing moisture of both the place and their situations; darkness absorbseverything around them. Even the once-living piano played during Gatsbyʼs parties became « ghostly ». This catachresis, involving the use of a word beyond its strict sphere, reinforces the feeling of a vanishing environment, fading away as the characterʼs dreams seem more and more ruined. The weather and its inherent sadness not only affects people : it also downs onto simple objects in the same...