I°) Cultural tourism
Since 1994, several sites of world rank were created to commemorate the past of the country and celebrate its new unity while the number andthe quality of the cultural villages, the visits of communities and townships considerably increased. 4 of 8 sites of UNESCO world heritage in South Africa are cultural sites.
- In spite of thedevelopment of the country, the traditional villages knew how to preserve the selves. However the development enabled Zulus to share their traditions with foreigners.
For example, there is the oldvillage Dumazulu. It’s a traditional village in the center of Zululand. There are over 50 résidents. It’s a real living museum. Tourists are learning how the Zulus live : social life, weaving, battles,making beer, embroidery… This village is next to Hluhluwe Game Reserve (a conservation of rhinocéros). So, it’s a perfect combination between the Zulu culture and the faun and the flora.
BotshabeloHistorical Village is an other example of these villages.
- Then, there are shows of cultural dance. They are everywhere, as much in traditional villages as in big cities. In South Africa, thedance is less artistic than in the North, it’s more physical. In the past, it was a celebration for the ancêtres cult and a demonstration of the strength before a battle. The dance allows to expressthe feelings. The most known dance is the Zulu dance. It’s very physical and only the men practise it. The other popular dances : toyi-toyi (protestation dance), mapuntsuta from townships (ghettos...