700-800 Irish monasticism reaches its zenith.
795 Full-scale Viking invasion.
1014 Brian Boru/ defeats Vikings at Clontarf,but is murdered.
1169 Dermot MacMurrough, exiled king of Leinster, invites help
1172 Pope decrees that Hery II of England is feudal lord of Ireland.
1366 Statues of Kilkennybelatedly forbid intermarriage of English and
Irish. Gaelic culture unsuccessfully suppressed.
1534-40 Failed insurrection by Lord Offaly.
1541 Henry VIII proclaimed king (rather than feudallord) of Ireland
1558-1603 Reign of Elizabeth I. Policy of Plantation begins. System of
1595-1603 Failed uprising of Hugh O'Neil.
1607 Flight of the Earls; leading Ulsterfamilies go into exile.
1641 Charles I's policies cause insurrection in Ulster and Civil War in
1649 Cromwell invades Ireland.
1653 Under the Act of Settlement Cromwell's opponents strippedof land.
1689-90 Deposed James II flees to Ireland; defeated at the Battle of the
1704 Penal Code enacted; Catholics barred from voting, education and the
1775 American Warof Independence forments Irish unrest.
1782 Grattan's Parliament persuades British to declare Irish
independence, but in name only.
1795 Foundation of the Orange Order.
1798 Wolfe Tone'suprising crushed.
1801 Ireland becomes part of Britain under the Act of Union.
1829 Catholic Emancipation Act passed after Daniel O'Connell elected
1845-48 The Great Famine.
1879-82 TheLand War; Parnell encourages boycott of repressive landlords.
1914 Implementation of Home Rule postponed because of outbreak of World
1916 Easter Rising. After the leaders are executedpublic opinion backs
1920-21 War between Britain and Ireland; Irish Free State and Northern
1922 Civil war breaks out.
1932 De Valera elected.