Consumpion of hard-drugs by the under thirties and its evolution during the last decade-proposal

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The consumption of hard-drugs by the under thirties and its evolution during the last decade.

By : Benjamin Thouvignon
L3 AES, DULASP avancé

This proposal sets out to examine the evolution of hard-drugs consumption among the under thirties and especially to see which place those drugs take in their lives. Based on a survey of more than 800 people, this research established thatthe number of hard-drugs addicts increased by 6% between 2000 and 2009 and that occasional users of these kind of drugs rose from 8% to 13% in the same period. Parallel those increases, our study pointed out that more and more larger part of hard-drugs abusers succeeded in stopping taking drugs(our research tried to explain why and also how they get to it). It was shown that there is a real lack ofinformation concerning hard-drugs issues: indeed, the families of hard-drugs users often do not know how to react positively to this phenomenon. Eventually, the aim of this proposal was to ask to the French government to settle the problem of hard-drugs dependence and for that solutions were proposed in order to improve information about hard-drugs and to answer to the helpless of hit families.INTRODUCTION
These last few years, the problem of drug addiction has become more and more media friendly: the dependence on medicines, the use of soft-drugs and especially cannabis to calm the pain of seriously ill patients or the use and abuse of cannabis by our children lead scientists to study the effects of these kind of substances on human body in order to find treatment of addictions.Among others, some of the existing studies concerned hard-drugs and allowed to develop substitute drugs helping addicted people to detoxify themselves. According to any medical dictionary, an hard-drugs is a narcotic that is considered relatively strong and likely to cause addictions. It concerns heroin, cocaine and other drugs such as ecstasy or LSD. In 2008, according to the French authorities,more than 900 people directly died because of hard-drugs, among whom 620 by overdose.
However, apart from the medical circle, the dependence on hard-drugs rather remains a taboo subject and few social studies were conducted in the past. Yet, it would be useful and interesting to study how addictive behaviors evolve with time. That is particularly what we are going to do with this proposal.
Forthat, we drew our inspiration from a study which was made by the UFATT(Unité Fonctionnelle d’Accueil et de Traîtement des Toxicomanes). This French foundation composed of doctors and psychologists fights against drugs addictions by helping people who do drugs to detoxify themselves. We based our questionnaire on the one used by the UFATT in 2000 but added several questions relative to thefamilies of hard-drugs abusers and to their reaction facing with addiction.
What are the main drugs of choice of the subjects? How do they consume their drugs?
What is the proportion of regular hard-drugs takers? How do they evolve since 2000?
Do the hard-drugs addicts know that substitution treatments exist? How many of them have already tried to stop taking drugs?Do the subjects and their families have enough information concerning the existing treatments of hard-drugs addictions?
What kind of solutions could be found for helping people to stop taking drugs?
1\Selection of the participants
In order to obtain a representative sample of the French under thirties, the selection of the participants was done in two stages. At first, thanks toInternet, we gathered more than 40,000 possible participants. They were given a first questionnaire, which interrogated them about their civil status, education or professional situation. Of course, those possible participants did not know what was the subject of our study.
The aim of the second stage was to identify our future subjects among all those volunteers and for that we used a process of...