Costa rica

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I. Presentation of the country

1) History
2) Government
3) Fauna and Flora

II. Main areas to visit

1) Central valley
2) Caribbean
3) Pacific Coast

III. Ecotourism in Costa Rica

1) Definition
2) Why is Costa Rica a nice place for ecotourism
3) Impact of tourism



In this report, I will talkabout Costa Rica and tourism.

Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the east and south, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south and the Caribbean Sea to the east.
Costa Rica has consistently been among the top Latin American countries in terms of the Human Development Index, and ranked 42 in the world in2008. The country is ranked 5th in the world, and 1st among the Americas, in terms of the 2008 Environmental Performance Index. In 2007 the Costa Rican government announced plans for Costa Rica to become the first carbon neutral country by 2021.

In the last decade Costa Rica has positioned itself in the world as a country of peace – without an army - and as an agricultural nation, withtraditionally important products such as bananas, coffee, and sugar cane. It has also distinguished itself for its efforts in the area of biodiversity conservation; and accordingly, has positioned itself as an innovative tourist destination based on its natural wealth, clearly differentiated in the large international market.

Considered one of the most bio-diverse regions in the world, Costa Rica isdivided in 20 natural parks, 8 biological reserves, and a series of protected areas that captivate ecotourism lovers. The variety of activities includes horseback riding, hiking mountainous paths in the cloud forests, and guided bird-watching tours.
Tortuguero National Park is especially famous for sea turtle nesting that takes place every year, and the natural canals that abound with protectedspecies such as crocodiles, manatees, and others.

First, we will have a presentation of the country: its history, government, flora and fauna.
Then, we will describe the main areas of Costa Rica known for tourism.
Finally, we will talk about the eco-tourism, a new trend of tourism which is well-developed in Costa Rica.

I. Presentation of the country

1) History

Costa Rica wasdiscovered by Cristopher colombus. The day was September 18, 1502, and Columbus was making his fourth and final voyage to the New World. As he was setting anchor off shore, a crowd of local Caribbean Indians paddled out in canoes and greeted his crew warmly. Later, the golden bands that the region's inhabitants wore in their noses and ears would inspire the Spaniard Gil Gonzalez Davila to name thecountry Costa Rica, or Rich Coast.
Archaeologists now know that civilization existed in Costa Rica for thousands of years before the arrival of Columbus, and evidence of human occupation in the region dates back 10,000 years.
By the time Columbus arrived, there were four major indigenous tribes living in Costa Rica. The east coast was the realm of the Caribbean, while the Borucas, Chibchas, andDiquis resided in the southwest. Only a few hundred thousand strong to begin with, none of these peoples lasted long after the dawn of Spanish colonialism. Some fled, while many others perished from the deadly smallpox brought by the Spaniards. Having decimated the indigenous labor force, the Spanish followed a common policy and brought in African slaves to work the land. Seventy thousand of theirdescendants live in Costa Rica today, and the country is known for good relations among races. Regrettably, only 1 percent of Costa's Rica's 3 million people are of indigenous heritage.

2) Government

Costa Rica is a democratic republic with a strong constitution. Although there are claims that the country has had more than 115 years of uninterrupted democracy, their presidential election...
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