Cours sur la civilisation americaine

TD : Civilisation Américaine.

Checks and balances

The government is divided in 3 functions ( the powers are separated.) :-make laws, the legislative, and the congress
The French governmenthad asked to pass the law against full cover veil or the head to toe veil in public. (Burqa) .
Most of the legislative are bi-cameral ( the upper chamber is in France the Senat and the lower chamberin France is the House of representatives .) Both of the upper and lower chamber have equal rights, they make laws. They represents the first function of the government.
The second part isexecuting the laws which is made by the president of the united states who Works with his administration.
The third function is interprete and apply the laws which is the use of the judicial power embodiedby the supreme court the court and the judges.

These three power are seperated which refers to montesquieu’s théories ( an 18 th philosopher) He wrote the spirit of laws. It is the basic ofspiritual laws. It is fondamental for these power to be seperated. It’s really important beacause if every poxer is at the hand of the same man it’s dangerous for démocratie because he can abuse of hispower that is what chek and balances is : it’s the fact that the three powers are seperated and that each of the three power checks on the other in order to prevent an abuse of power . The governmentof the people for the people and by the people. These power are seperated and they have an influance on one another. The president nominates (chose) the judges of the judiciar system . But thejudiciary system can also have an influence on the executive power.
Books :
- « The English of Law Us law and politics » it deals with the English laws and politics.
- «  The Robert + Collins » it’s adictionnary. Légal dictionnary
-«  dictionnaire juridique » by Harraps and Dalloze : gives interprétation and compares British French and American laws .
Manslaughter : homicide invonlontaire...
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