Canadian culture represents the artistic, musical, literary, culinary, political and social factors; it has had influences mainly from Great Britain and France.
Although the factors listed above were from the European side, the United States has contributed by providing Canada with linguistic and cultural factors; however the United States has also had British influencethrough history.
Culture for Canada is not so simple though; there is the element of the English-Canada and the French-Canada with both French and English considered the national language. In terms of languages, 67.1% of the population speak English with 21.5% speaking French.
Multicultural heritage is protected in Canada under the rights and freedoms charter. In major cities in Canadamulticulturalism it is the cultural norm and diversity unites the community. In Quebec especially, the cultural identity is strong and differences can be apparent between the English Canada and French Canada, however others just see it as a group of subcultures.
Most Canadians have a strong sense of loyalty to their region or province.
CANADIAN BUSINESS CULTURE:
The discussion of general issues withpeople shows they are very open to conversation and discussion, but not in relation to personal matters proving that privacy is important in Canadian culture. There is a great deal of equality in Canada, and hierarchical issues are not a big thing, shown by the way people are able to discuss things openly despite their societal level.
Appearances in the Canadian workplace, shows men areexpected to wear dark business suits and ties, in conservative colours. Women are expected to wear a similar style; business style dress or suit in conservative colours. In the rural areas, attire is a lot less formal but is still expected to be conservative in style and colour.
Workplace behaviour shows punctuality as being highly valued and good etiquette is as well. A firm hand shake when meetinga person is important and expected.
Because Canada is such a large country, with much multicultural diversity, the values around the country vary from place to place. Equality and respect are highly placed values within working relationships in Canada.
HOFSTEDE FRAMEWORK ANALYSIS:
The theory of Hofstede is valid for many countries but does not work very well in the countries where there arestrong subcultures that are based on ethnicity of origin. Like in Canada, there is a distinct French Canadian culture that has different norms compared to English speaking Canada.
Canada can be considered a highly individualism country according to Hofstede’s dimension. It is rated equal 4th with New Zealand, under USA, Australia then UK. Because business success is measured bythe level of personal achievement Canada can be seen as a very high individualistic business orientated country. Individualism is about how much a person cares about himself, the close family and friends around him, they strive for their self reliant rewards and keep a low profile telling only their closest friends and family.
Canada Power Index is relatively low (39 on the graphic), it’sactually below the world average. It means that this is indicative of a greater equality between people in the society, including government, institutions, and even families. This orientation reinforces a cooperative interaction across power levels and creates a more stable cultural environment.
The lowest rank dimension for Canada is Long Term Orientation at 23. This low LTO ranking is indicativeof societies’ belief in meeting its obligations and tends to reflect an appreciation for cultural traditions, for instance it is promotion of equality, high creativity and treat others as you would like to be treat.
The masculinity dimension is around 50, like the world average results. It represents the equality between men and women.
The uncertainty avoidance index is 40. This score...