| ICN Business School
Anne BrukhanoffMathieu Le GoffDiane Delpech |
[cyber-criminality : the plague of the xxi century] |
Cybercrime is a phenomenon which scares the world. Day after day, this dangerous movement grows and leads to expensive consequences in three main fields: private companies, governments, and individuals.In order to control the quick evolutionof cybercrime, it is necessary to fight against the cyber-pirates helping the victims with protections. The development of Internet must be managed with precision, especially controlling the new social networks which can encourage cybercrime. |
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I. etat des lieux
The term "cybercrime" appeared at the end of the 1990's when theInternet started its development in the north of United States. At the same time, after a meeting of G8, some representatives created the group of Lyon, a group in charge of studying the appearance of new types of cybercrime encouraged by the development of Internet. This group used the word "cybercrime" to qualify all types of offenses found on the Internet and on other new social networks.
Few timesafter, in 2001, the term was used to qualify the new troubles of computers concerning the information for police or details agencies.
To propose a global definition we can say that the cybercrime is employed to qualify all the penal offenses through networks in particular through Internet. It qualifies a new form of crime and delinquency which differs from other forms because it principallyoperates on a virtual space, the "cyberspace". The term “cyberspace” was coined by the science fiction author William Gibson in his 1984 novel Nuromancer, to describe the environment in which computer hackers operate.
We can distinguish three kinds of cybercrime:
* The first one concerns all the "basic" offenses called infringement of goods. We can give several relevant examples:
*The use of a credit card without the titular authorization
* The selling of stolen and counterfeited objects through announces
* The collection of money without return of products bought on a website
* The hacking of computers (Facebook, Twitter...)
* The print of music and films for oneself and others
* The second one concerns the offenses concerning the excessive use ofinformation systems called infringement of people. This category contents :
* The diffusion of pedophilic images
* Methods to show how to commit suicide
* Methods to show how to make explosives
* Verbal racial abusive
* Diffusion for children of pornographic or violent photographies
* Offense to private life
* The third one concerns all the hacking issues and thediffusion of virus which can serve to destruct data stocked in information systems (financial, academic, industrial...)
We can also precise that for a few years, the easy access and the globalization of computer science made easier the development of cybercrime. The introduction, growth, and utilization of information and communication technologies have been accompanied by an increase in criminalactivities. Furthermore, thanks to a lot of communication tools as social networks, chat, mails, IP phoning and so on. We can also add that thanks to the dematerialization of financial transactions, Internet smoothes the way for cybercrime.
This serious phenomenon presents new challenges and several orientations have to be led. This necessitates the existence of an effective supra-national as well asdomestic mechanisms that monitor the use of ICTs for criminal activities in cyberspace. Policies for cyber-security also have to be led in terms of control of technologies, institutional and academic decisions (laws against cybercrime , creation of specialized agencies, downloads of data, fight against intrusions...).
To conclude, we can say that the cybercrime is an important issue which can...