The economic crisis, Doha completion, and protectionist pressure
As the economic crisis incresting , the worry about the protectionist maybe not to be centred on completion the Doha Round. Aactually, the point things that should be worried is the antidumping, countervailing duty and safeguard protection,misguided public subsides,rising protection in the poorest countries ,andtemptaion in th US Congress to violate existing treaty.
The centre of the WTO system is to bind the tariff, thes are the commitments of the multilateral treaty , not to raise tariff above the certain level. And most of the trades obey the diffirent treaies of the tariff binding .
For the problem on protection, Doha Round is not the point \ ,but the activator. Binding is important and valuable.Introduction of the article
The current financial crisis highlights the importance of trade liberalization for continued global economic well-being and may also provide the necessary impetus to get the WTO Doha Round moving again. Concluding Doha is not just important for economic growth – it is important for the larger question of economic fairness. Its objective is to lower trade barriers aroundthe world, which allows countries to increase trade globally. As of 2008, talks have stalled over a divide on major issues, such as agriculture, industrial tariffs and non-tariff barriers, services, and trade remedies.And the one of thr improtant points is the Agriculture,it is the key to slove other problems.and on this point, the developping countries ,developped countrise new members and the oldmembers failed to reach the compromise.and it shows clearly on the problems of the export subsides and the tariff binding.
As too much the protectionist, the free trade is not clealy, it affects the import and export to each members, for facing the tariff and the antidumping, il couldn’t say that would have the real free trade. Then it also influense the economie.
The question :What hashistory to teach us concerning the protectionist/free trade argument and do you agree with the author when he claims that Doha is not a “critical part of the qauation”.
Some people say that such a passage: "If countries do not subsidies or tariff protection policy, then a lot of domestic enterprises will be difficult to survive if the product can not meet people's needs, then have to import it?Tariff is good then you ? "
The speaker to think of some of the premise: he first of all consider their different enterprises and foreign enterprises, the protection seemed to domestic enterprises since ancient times is the truth, because domestic enterprises bear the most of the excise domestic employment and supply of, domestic companies subject to damage if nature is not good, so tariffs arenatural. Second, they also believe that if free trade, then domestic consumption can not entirely rely on imports, and perhaps this will not only critical to the survival of domestic enterprises can lead to dependence and thus affect the interests of other countries. The above passage from the analysis, we see that, on today's protection of trade and free trade, these views had seemed dominant inpeople's minds, even if a number of economic theories of economists Yezai proficient in various dissemination of these comments to guide us in public.I can not agree on such issues, trying to look at the broader perspective on this issue.
1: protection of infant industries. This view is mainly developing countries, some of the theory, at the beginning of that passage also reflects this view. Theythink that just developed to protect domestic enterprises and industrial sectors in favor of domestic industrial growth, but also long-term profits. Representative is the German economist Liszt.
2: to improve the international balance of payments theory. This view advocates that the trade surplus is better than the trade deficit. Trade protection could reduce imports to increase foreign exchange...