Dossier south africa

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South Africa Today

1) What is the definition of Apartheid ?

An official policy of racial segregation formerly practiced in the Republic of South Africa, involving political, legal, and economicdiscrimination against nonwhites.

2) When was it started and reinforced ?

In 1948, the National Party was elected to power. It intensified the implementation of racial segregation begun underDutch and British colonial rule, and subsequent South African governments since the Union was formed. The Nationalist Government systematised existing segregationist laws, classifying all peoples intothree races, developing rights and limitations for each, such as pass laws and residential restrictions. The white minority controlled the vastly larger black majority. The system of segregationbecame known collectively as apartheid. Apartheid became increasingly controversial, leading to widespread international sanctions, divestment and growing unrest and oppression within South Africa. A longperiod of harsh suppression by the government, and at times violent resistance, strikes, marches, protests, and sabotage by bombing and other means, by various anti-apartheid movements, most notablythe African National Congress (ANC), followed.

3) What did dit imply for non-whites ?

While the White minority enjoyed the highest standard of living in all of Africa, often comparable to FirstWorld western nations, the Black majority remained disadvantaged by almost every standard, including income, education, housing, and life expectancy.

4) When was it abolished ?

The apartheid wasabolished in 1994.

5) Who contributed to its dismantling (2keys figures) ?

The two figures is Nelson Mandela and Frederik De Klerk.

6) Who are the Afrikaaners (origin ? arrival ?) ?Afrikaners are white Afrikaans-speaking people who have been established in Southern Africa since the 17th century and are mainly of northwestern European descent (mostly Dutch, German and French...
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