The narco-trafficker war, is there any chance for Felipe Calderon ?
For years, Mexico has been blamed for not caring about the increasing drugs traffic, causing deaths and economic issues among the country.
In December 2006, a new president has been elected, with a program including the huge hot topic which is the war against drug gangs, as the highest priority in the country.Felipe Calderon, the new president, decided then to involve Mexico army in this war, with a view to reduce the strong consequences brought.
This map shows the different cartels in Mexico and their influence in this country. We can see there that their influence is huge, and several sources, especially among the CIA, indicates that more than 100 000 ‘soldiers’ has been registered around Mexico.Moreover, during the two first years of the Calderon presidency, more than 20 000 weapons have been reached by the army, and they were pretty much similar as the ones used by the local authority. This declaration implies a relationship between the drug gangs and the authority, which is a hard truth for the Mexican government. Indeed, if they cannot count on the support of the local authorities,if the corruption has gained the entire country, the army could become weaker and weaker during the next years.
However, since recently, the United States of America have decided to join Felipe Calderon and to army to fight against the increasing drug issue.
Indeed, as the most important house of drug demand, the United States of America have considered themselves as involved in this problem. TheSouth of the USA is the temple of drugs consumers, imported directly from the Mexican plantations, first located in the North of Mexico, but now almost everywhere in Mexico. According to an estimation published by CIA in 2007, the plantations of opium in Mexico would cover 6 900 hectares, that is a potential of production of 18 tons of pure heroin or 50 tons of black tar heroin. The culture ofmarijuana would extend on 8 900 hectares, what amounts to a potential production of 15,8 tons.
Also, the high consumption of drugs in the United States is tightly related with their big issue of illegal emigration from Mexico to the North of America. Mexico constitutes the main road of the cocaine and the other illegal drugs towards the United States, 75 tunnels have been found in 1990 linkingMexico to the United States. For years, the United States of America have tried to eradicate this illegal emigration by increasing the security in the South, in California, Arizona and New Mexico. This drug gangs’ war will compromise this security hardly settled, and as a consequence, the Mexican drug issue is also becoming an American issue.
Even with this help of the North of America, the druggangs are increasing consequently and now have a turnover more important than the government’s one, and therefore have the ability to create more sophisticated weapons and more elaborated strategy to gain territory. By spreading the fear among citizens and corrupt more and more law representatives, they seem in a good way to take control of Mexico and make of this country a narco-country.
Serioussources from the CIA indicate that this issue has become the second threats to deal with, just behind Al-Qaida. Some of the Mexican cartels seem to infiltrate several elements in Europe and on the North American continent, with a view to develop their criminal activities there, in particular in Spain, principal entry for ‘narcos’.
USA and Mexico, are they strong enough to fight against thosegangs? Can they avoid a globalization of the cartels?
Since 2006, when the Mexican army has been involved in the conflict, several actions has been launched to reduce the drugs gangs’ headway.
The first one was on December 12th, 2006, ordered by the president Felipe Calderón. He sent more than 5 000 soldiers to the State of Michoacán, to take back the drug the territories controlled by the...