English boxing

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English Boxing

The Boxing also noble art is a combat sport in which two opponents, of similar weights, meet on a boxing ring, provide with gloves stuffed to limit the risk of cut, and are exchanged punches, carried (worn) with the face and with the bust. The fight is divided into interval of time (weather), the rounds, separated by one minute of rest announced by a bell or the pugilist can beadvised or been looked after if need. Whether it is in Olympic or professional boxing, the fighters, or the boxers, try to avoid the punches of their opponent while trying to get (touch) them. Points are every time awarded considered as clear (net), powerful and precise. At the end the fight, the boxer having most points is declared victorious.
The victory can be also affected if a fighter putshis opponent outside fight (by knockout or KB), That is in the incapacity to get up and to resume (to take back) the fight after the account of 10 seconds of the arbitrator (referee). A fighter is also declared victorious if his injured (wounded) opponent cannot continue the fight (technical KB or TKO). The boxing is also called the «noble art ". She is the direct descendant of the pugilism whowas much less technical than that current and or the fighters had gloves with nails (boils, pawnshops) which we called caste.

1) The History

The boxing appears to the XVIIIth century, the matches were then organized by punters who took as model the pugilism. She (it) is in the time (period) little regulated and is practised with bare hands.
The first big champion of boxing with bare hands wasthe fencing teacher James Figg in 1719; his pupil Brougthon (on 1704 - 1789) gained (won) 400 fights until the day when he killed accidentally his opponent. Traumatized, he (it) codified the rules of the boxing with by means of the marquess of Queensberry and made compulsory the port(bearing) of oven gloves and forbidden the fights to the finish, what also forbids to strike the opponent on theground.

2) The succession of rules

The rules of the Marquis de Queensberry, drafted in 1865, emphasized the suppleness rather than the strength. These new rules forbade the fight with bare hands, the hand-to-hand fight, the breathlessness, the knocks when the opponent is powerless and the fight to the finish. The meetings are divided into several rounds of for example amateur three minutesthe rounds are 3 and in professional the rounds can go to 15, spaced out by a time (weather) of rest of one minute. A participant loses the match if there are in the ground more than ten seconds, lengthened (stretched out) either in support on a knee or if he is considered impossible to return to the match. These rules also stipulate that the matches have to take place in a boxing ring of 6, 00 mmaximum and 4, 90 m at least aside. The last champion heavy truck with bare hands was the American John L. Sullivan, in 1889. It is in 1899 that Louis Lerda, of return of the United States, tries to implant the boxing in France. The first one fights in place in the room Wagram in Bets and, on February 15th, 1903, the French Federation of the Companies of Boxing is created by four young followers(Albert Bourdariat, Frantz Reichel, Van Rosose and elected Paul Rousseau chair). At instigation of Victor Breyer and of Theo Vienne the contests take place in the big wheel and in the winter’s circus.

3) Wounds with regard to zones

Represent it: the shocks can provoke fractures (noses, arches), black eyes, wounds, and hurts at the level of eyes.

The bust: this can cause wounds at the levelof the solar plexus and the fractures at the level of coast (ribs).

Sprain: at the level of a joint (articulation), ligaments and neighbouring fabrics (tissues) are suddenly stretched or torn.

Dislocation: abnormal Movement, under a violent shock, one or several bones at the level of the joint (articulation). The movement is impossible. It is necessary to bandage and to evacuate the injured...
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