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Democratic Ideals andReality
DEMOCRATIC AND REALITY
IDEALS A Study
in the Politics of Reconstruction by the RIGHT HONOURABLE SIR HALFORD J. MACKINDER
Privy Counsellor; lately Chairman of the Imperial Shipping Committee; formerly Director of the London School of Economics and Political Science and Professor of Geography in the University of London; and at one time Reader in Geography in the University. of Oxford.Author o f " B r i t a i n and the British Seas."
NDU Press Defense Classic Edition
With a N e w I n t r o d u c t i o n
STEPHEN V. MLADINEO
NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY PRESS Washington, DC
National Defense University Press Publications
To increase general knowledge and inform discussion, the Institute for National Strategic Studies, through its publication arm the NDU Press,publishes McNair Papers; proceedings of University-and Institute-sponsored symposia; books relating to U.S. national security, especially to issues of joint, combined, or coalition warfare, peacekeeping operations, and national strategy; and a variety o f briefer works designed to circulate contemporary comment and offer alternatives to current policy. The Press occasionally publishes out-of-printdefense classics, historical works, and other especially timely or distinguished writing on national security. Opinions, conclusions, and recommendations expressed or implied within are solely those of the authors, and do not necessarily represent thc views of the National Defense University, the Deparmaent of Defense, or any other U.S Government agency. Cleared for public release: distributionunlimited. Except for the Introduction, this text is copyright © 1942, Constable Publishers, London. Used by permission.
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataMackinder, Halford John, Sir, 1861-1947 Democratic ideals and reality : a study in the politics of reconstruction / by Sir Halford J. Mackinder ; [edited by and] with a new introduction by Stephen V. Mladineo. - - NDU Press defense classic ed. p. m Includes index. 1. Reconstruction (1914-1939) 2. Geopolitics. 3. World politics--1919-1932. 1. Mladineo, Stephen V. II. Title. D655.M18 1996 940.5'1---dc2096-23385 CIP
Publisher's Note: About This Edition
This National Defense University Press "Defense Classic" is a reprint of the Right Honourable Sir Halford J. Mackinder's Democratic Ideals and Reality: A Study in the Politics of Reconstruction. First published in 1919 by Henry Holt and Company, Inc., Mackinder's work went largely unnoticed until World War II revived interest in histheories. Holt re-issued the book in 1942, with an introduction by Edward Meade Earle. In 1962, W.W. Norton published the work with an introduction by Anthony J. Pearce and with the three additional, previously published Mackinder articles included with this volume. The last publication was in 1981 by Greenwood Press, who reproduced the 1962 edition. The text for the NDU Press edition was typesetfrom the text of the 1942 Mackinder volume without editing, except for the correction of a few typographical errors. The index is the same, except for the adjustment of page numbers to conform to the NDU edition, as are the illustrations. We have not included introductions to the earlier editions but have added a new introduction that places Mackinder's ideas within a post-Cold War context. This...