Une épreuve de langue vivante étrangère qui consiste en : Une version et un thème, chacun de 3000 à 3300 signes au maximum Une composition écrite en langue étrangère portant sur une question posée se rapportant aux sujets abordés dans les textes proposés à la traduction, destinée à apprécier la capacité ducandidat à exprimer uneposition critique, structuree et argumentée. .
VERSION· 6 points
EPREUVE N° 37
Durée: 5 heures - Coefficient: 2
After a decade of rising employment, innovative start-ups and widespread business euphoria, unemployment has started to increase again across the OECD. It seems that the rise in unemployment is less pronounced than was the case in previous bouts of economie weakness, andthis reflects encouraging improvements in structural employment. Still, it is a stark reminder that the fight against high and persistent joblessness must remain at the top of the policy agenda. The deterioration of labour market conditions in the last couple of years could affect sorne groups more than others, with older workers, women, lone parents, people with disabilities, immigrants anddisadvantaged youth bearing the brunt. The trouble is, these groups are already under-represented in employment. Mobilising them into jobs would surely boost employment potential, as weIl as helping to combat exclusion and poverty. lndeed, several countries have shown they can raise employment by increasing the participation rate of these under-represented groups. For years, governments have beenconcemed with fighting unemployment, and though this battle must continue, it must be reinforced by measures to attract more non-employed people into the workforce. After aIl; higher labour market participation, and not lower unemployment, is the, main driver behind employment gains. This is a fact our ageing populations cannot afford to overlook. Population ageing brings pressures on welfare costs andso requires urgent action to boost employment activity. Unless participation rates are increased, population ageing will put a brakeon labour force expansion, undermining growth and prosperity. ln sum, the retums on , fostering greater participation are high. , . Reducing non-employment - and not just unemployment - serves s-ocial objectives as wel1 as '. economie ones. Many badly-designedpolicies that have attempted to reduce unernployment through subsidising the withdrawal of people from the labour market have proved to be counterproductive. Yet, with the right encouragement and assistance; many working-age recipients of social benefits could work. Both they and society would benefit from their greater integration into the labour market. High minimum wages and regulations settingminimum quality thresholds for jobs have the potential to limit employment opportunities, especially for women, older workers and so on. The tax system may also influence the decision to participate in the labour market, creating inactivity or poverty "traps". Moreover, public pension systems and early retirement schemes often create strong financial disincentives to remain in employment untii theofficial retirement age. ln other words, far from being a choice, many groups feel the labour market is beyond their reach, Even when these people manage to get ajob, this feeling of detaclunent persists. Women do not receive as much in-work training as men, for instance, and many have difficulty moving up the career ladder. The importance of job-related training to irnprove career prospects cannot beemphasised enough. Education reduces the risk of workers falling into low-wage traps and helps them improve their productivity and earnings potential. ' _. From the OECD Observer Sept 2004
THEME . 6 points
La semaine de 35 heures: portrait d'une exception française.
L'idée selon laquelle la réduction du temps de travail pourrait faire partie intégrante du combat contre un...