Identity is recognition of an individual by himself or by others. A nation is a term that includes the idea of people and the idea of state, government. National identity is what enables a people, nation to have a sense of shared commonalities that unite. This expression appeared in French in the 1980s. For others, the French nationalidentity is a myth and the only means we have to approach it is to talk about the history of France, the French space, population and history of his state.
The French national identity has been materialized in the past by a number of symbols and emblems as our anthem "La Marseillaise" (revolutionary and patriotic singing associated with the fall of the monarchy and the Republic), the tricolorflag (blue and red are the colors of Paris and white, symbol of kingship and monarchy) and others. The French Revolution is also a symbol of French national identity, then it marks the end of the old regime and the transition to a constitutional monarchy and the First Republic. It still leaves a fundamental value in France : the Declaration of Human Rights and Citizen to Article 10 and 11 givesthe right to freedom of expression : "No one shall be molested for his opinions, even religious, provided their manifestation does not disturb the public order established by law." Article 10 "The free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the most precious rights Human; every citizen may therefore speak, write and publish freely, except to respond to the abuse of this freedom in casesdetermined by law. " Article 11. In the 1780s, the society is based in France under the old regime dictated primarily by King Louis XVI; national identity differentiates three statuses: nobility, clergy and commoners. The French Revolution was born of a financial crisis and the challenge to the absolute monarchy. The storming of the Bastille during the summer of 1789 marks the beginning of theFrench Revolution and the end of absolute monarchy and the ancien regime. Markers of social distinction begin to be less visible. The revolution brought a new regime: the Republic and its motto “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity”. These three values are derived from the Declaration of Human Rights and the Citizen.
In the French motto there is the word “equality” and according to Article 3 of theDeclaration of Human Rights and the Citizen “All men are equal by nature and before the law” so the national identity French is open to all, everyone can become French. Those born on French soil directly inherits the history of this country and the French of foreign origin, born on national territory are also the French culture but must also in some cases to share with their culture of origin. Butproblems can occur between people who share the same nation, the same inheritance as religious beliefs by example. The Immigration Minister, Eric Besson said that the burka is “contrary to the values of national identity,” those involved in these traditions may feel offended but there may be other explanations for the purpose of Mr Besson like the historian Daniel Lefeuvre (Professor of History at theUniversity of Paris VIII Vincennes-Saint-Denis)
“At the same time, the vast majority of French are hostile to the wearing of burqas, not so much also for religious reasons, but because France was historically the land of women, the lady of the country, the country courtesy. Already in the seventeenth and eighteenth century English travelers were struck by the centrality of the Women inFrench civilization. However, the burqa, tends to exclude women. Therefore we must affirm the value of secularism, create a peaceful and ban the burqa for men and women share all that space.” |
The debate over national identity is not new and has been for some years a recurring debate.
It has even become a theme in France's presidential 2007. As a candidate, Nicolas Sarkozy announced...