Founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius in Weimar, the Bauhaus (literally "house of building") extended his research to all major arts and applied for integrate them intothe architecture. Depending on the design by Walter Gropius, the people who participated in the construction of the building had to learn the principles of the supervisor andcreate harmony with him. Called by Walter Gropius, the greatest artists of the time taught at the Bauhaus. The Bauhaus aroused great interest worldwide, but provoked strongreactions in German political circles. Moved to Dessau in 1925, then in Berlin in 1932, it was finally closed under the oppression of the Nazis came to power in 1933.
DESSAUIn 1924, elections brought to power the far right of Thuringia, then there was the dissolution of the Bauhaus in Weimar. Other cities in Germany offered to host the Bauhaus.And the masters of the Bauhaus choose Dessau. One reason for the choice of the industrial city of Dessau is the lack of housing: Gropius advocated the industrialization andthe construction is also entrusted with the creation of a city in Dessau.
After the closure of the Bauhaus in Dessau, the Social Democratic cities of Magdeburg andLeipzig show their interest in hosting the Bauhaus. Mies van der Rohe had decided to move the Bauhaus in Berlin and make a private school. So the school moved to Berlin inan old mill (factory). But in April 1929, the Gestapo raided and sealed sets of the Bauhaus. Mies van der Rohe negotiates its reopening as a private art school with theauthorities. But the authorities impose conditions on the return of Kandinsky and Hilberseimer. July 19 Mies van der Rohe and teachers pronounce the dissolution of the Bauhaus.