Historique decision cij

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  • Publié le : 23 novembre 2010
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After the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the ensuing war, the Serbs of Bosnia-Herzegovina took control of most of eastern Bosnia, leading a campaign of ethniccleansing against the Bosnians in the region, reported by thousands of eyewitnesses and international organizations. The town of Srebrenica was one of the Bosnian enclaves officially demilitarized, remainingin this sector.
Massacres were committed by units of the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS) under the command of General Ratko Mladic, backed by a paramilitary unit from Serbia, Scorpions inSrebrenica which was declared a "zone of security "by the United Nations which was kept by a force of some 400 Dutch peacekeepers.
The 7 of July 1995, Bosnian Serb forces led byGeneral Ratko Mladic stormed the city.
Srebrenica Massacre means the massacre of 6000 to 8 000 young men and men Bosnians, also called" Muslims ".
Srebrenica had been declared "safe area"under UN protection in 1993, its fall has symbolized, after the Tutsi genocide in 1994, the second major failure of the "international community" 22 years after 1989. It has been the subject of severalpublic reports between 1996 and 2003. However it is mainly through the investigations of the ICTY, led by Jean-Rene Ruez, while Mladic denied any massacre, that public knowledge of the executions,their development and ampleur were built. In August 2001, for the first time, the Court has described the Srebrenica as a genocide in the trial of Radislav Krstic, the Bosnian Serb general. The TrialChamber considers that the forces of the Bosnian Serbs have executed between 7000 and 8000 Bosnian Muslims. Challenged by the defense on the grounds that have been systematically killed the men capable ofbearing arms, women, old people and children being deported to the territory controlled by the Army of the Republic of Bosnia Herzégovine, the qualification of genocide was upheld by the Appeals...
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