In 1948 the National Party, led by Dr Daniel Malan, won a General Election and promised to introduce Apartheid (separation) into South Africa. There were already a number of lawsin place, eg. the Native Land Acts and laws against marriages between the races, that separated black and white South Africans. However these were to be developed by a series of GRAND and PETTYApartheid laws:
GRAND APARTHEID LAWS
v The Population Registration Act - this grouped every South African into a particular race - white, indian, coloured (mixed race) and black (bantu). Only whites couldvote, and the opportunities available to each group decreased according to their race.
v The Mixed Marriages Act - this made it a crime for any marriage to take place between a white person and aperson of any other racial group.
v The Immorality Act - this made it a crime for any sexual act to be committed between a white person and a person of any other racial group. Between 1950 and 1985there were more than 24,000 prosecutions and nearly half (11,614) were convictions.
v The Group Areas Act - this divided South Africa up into different areas where the different race groups could live.84% of the land was given to the whites, even though they were only 15% of the total population. Blacks were only given 14% of the land, known as the ‘Tribal Homelands’, even though they made up over80% of the population. If you were living in the ‘wrong’ area you had to move. Usually it was black and coloured people that had to move: out of 3.5 million people who had to leave their homes underthis act between 1951 and 1986, only 2% were white.
v The Pass Laws - these laws made it compulsory for blacks to carry pass books (Identity cards) at all times, which allowed them to have permissionto be in a white area for a limited amount of time. If they did not have their pass, blacks could be arrested and imprisoned.
After South Africa became a Union, the government wanted Black and...