Pages: 6 (1466 mots) Publié le: 21 février 2010
Indo-European= A big family of many languages and dialects, including Europe
languages, the northern Indian subcontinent, the Iranian plateau and many country of central Asia. This regrouping of languages is the most widespread in the world and more than 3 billion native speakers are apart of this group. There are many subdivision that classified the type of language. All those categories havesimilarities thats why there are in this group. Germanic is one of the source of all language in this group. So even Asian language have similarities with European languages.
So that suggest that many language have the same source and that in each of this language thera are similarities even if some language have similarities with another group.

Why is English similar to French?
Because thesetwo languages evolved together. Also, at the time these two languages were used. what was law and government and king used French and the remainder English. Therefore, French influenced the English language much because they was the two principal languages.

How is english similar to French?
By the vocabulary: During the Norman occupation, about 10,000 French words were adopted into English,some three-fourths of which are still in use today. This French vocabulary is found in every domain, from government and law to art and literature - learn some. More than a third of all English words are derived directly or indirectly from French, and it's estimated that English speakers who have never studied French already know 15,000 French words. Example: Aide-mémoire=Memory aid,attaché=Attached
Bon appétit=Good appetite, cerise=cherry, c’est la vie=That’s life etc.

By the pronunciation : English pronunciation owes a lot to French as well. Whereas Old English had the unvoiced fricative sounds [pic], [pic], [pic](as in thin), and [pic](shin), French influence helped to distinguish their voiced counterparts [pic], [pic], and [pic](mirage), and also contributed the diphthong [pic](boy)By grammar : Another rare but interesting remnant of French influence is in the word order of expressions like secretary general and surgeon general, where English has retained the noun + adjective word order typical in French, rather than the usual adjective + noun used in English.

By pronoun conjugation : Like in English, in French pronouns are conjugated with the verbs. Since many verbforms are pronounced exactly the same way (despite their different spelling) personal pronouns are useful to understand the meaning of what one says. 


The Iberians, sometime after 5000 B.C, migrated north from the Mediterranean region and invaded Britain but there’s no word in the English language which we can say is Iberian. Then, the Celtics and Indo-European people came to occupy Britainfrom about 500 B.C. A few terms like curse and crag come from Celtics. In 55 B.C. Julius Caesar made explorations into Britain and occupied it from 43 to 410. Latin was the language. Romans had to go back to Rome to defend it, leaving behind them terms like port and mountain. Then, during the fifth century, the Teutonic Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians came from what is now Germany and Denmarkand invaded Britain. For more than hundred years, the different tribes were in different sections. The story of their different dialects is too complicated, but by 700, English was the language of the Britain, (England in 1000). It is in the language of these Teutonic peoples that modern English has its beginning. Old English follows the Germanic word order. The words that survived from OldEnglish are the bony structure of the language; the prepositions, conjunctions, pronouns etc. Then, they are attacked by the Danes. They began to migrate after 865. To prevent the conquest of all England, King Alfred was forced to grant to the Danes more than half of the England, the Danelaw. The English and the Danes had no problem to understand each other. The Danish king Canute became the new king...
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