Management de projet

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  • Publié le : 19 février 2010
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The concept of project management has been around from time immemorial, ever since the time humans fist worked together to build a shelter or cultivate a crop. The pyramids in Egypt stand today because of sound project management principles.
A major trend favoring project management is the ability of its approach to adapt to change, In our ever changing economy, flexibility is needed when itcomes to adapting to a different environment. Innovation is rampant and doing things the same way is a recipe for corporate extinction. In the phases of change, a company will require a structured approach to planning and controlling projects, Hence project management.
The project manager plays a vital function in the entire project, he is the one who is responsible for thesuccessful execution of the project and that can only occur if he takes the lead in getting all parties to participate fully in the projects. The project manager serves as a bridge between the senior management, the clients and the project team. The project manager is responsible for coordinating and integrating activities across multiple lines. In order for the project manager to effectively carryout his roles, it is necessary that he has the following skills and competencies
Interpersonal skills
Ability to assemble people
Ability to manage conflicts
Motivational abilities
Negotiation skills
Personal drive
Technical skills
This is a framework fordividing the project up into more manageable phases/chunks. The project lifecycle can be broken down into four phases to include;
Concept/initiation phase
Design /development phase
Implementation phase
Commissioning phase
These phases are interrelated and are dependent on each other.
This phase starts the project by establishingthe need for the project. In this case the need for the project is to allow Touprom to expand their operations in the south of the country while competively rendering their services to “ Do it yourself” enthusiasts.
The goals and objectives of the project are outlined in this phase. The project objectives help the project manager clearly understand the issues surroundingthe project.
Objectives should be smart i.e
In this case, the project manager has to critically understand the following
The needs of the users of the depot
Why the client wants the new depot
How the new depot will operate
What the client is expecting from the project manager and a clear viewof what is involved in constructing the depot
Be convinced the new depot will actually solve the problem
The purpose of carrying out a feasibility study is to assess whether a project is feasible or not. A feasibility study basically looks at whether the company has the expertise to handle the project successfully. It will also look at the financial issuesassociated with the project, if the project is worth doing financially and whether there will be a return on investment.
It should also look at stakeholders involved in the project to ensure their interests are taken into account. The purpose of these analysis is to determine the needs and expectations of all stakeholders. The stakeholders are people who are either actively involved in the projector whose interests are effected by the project being implemented. The project manager has the responsibility to identify the stakeholders and determine their needs and expectations which should then be managed and balanced to ensure project success.
Examples of stakeholders are;
Project team
Trade unions
Regulatory authorities
Senior management...
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