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theme | management |

Supervised by: Mr. GOUFLANE Ali

Presented by: BACHISSE Mohamed

Plan of the presentation

I. Around the word Management
1. Definition of management
2. Etymology of management
II. Management theories
1. Classical organizational theory school
2. Behavioral school
3.Recent developments in management theories
III. Management topics
1. Management objectives
2. Management functions
3. The essentiality of management in any organization
4. Management skills
IV. The role of a manager
1. Goals and responsibilities of all managers
2. Styles of managers
3. Difference between a good and a bad manager
V. The American ManagementAssociation
VI. Leadership vs. Management

Managing is one of the most important human activities. People form social organizations to accomplish aims and objectives they could not accomplish as individuals, managing is essential to ensure the coordination of individual efforts.
As society continuously relied on group efforts, the task of managers hasbeen increasing in importance and complexity. Managerial theory has become crucial in the way managers manage complex organizations.
Therefore, managers of contemporary organizations appreciate the important role they play in their respective organizations if they aim to achieve set goals. Secondly, there is need to promote excellence among all persons in organizations, especially among managersthemselves.
I. Around the word management
1. Definition
Management is the art, or science, of achieving goals through people. It characterizes the process of leading and directing all or part of an organization, often a business, through the deployment and manipulation of resources (human, financial, material, intellectual or intangible).
More broadly, management is the process ofdesigning and maintaining an environment in which individuals, working together in groups in order to accomplish desired aims and objectives efficiently and effectively.
Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization in the purpose of ensuring therefore greater productivity. Thus, management is about solving problems that keep emerging all thetime in the course of an organization struggling to remedy to managerial issues.
2. Etymology of management
The verb manage comes from the Italian maneggiare (to handle especially tools), which in turn derives from the Latin manus (hand).
The act of managing is from manage, meaning "governing body» originally of a theater.
Manager is «one who conducts a house of business or publicinstitution" is from 1705
The French word mesnagement (later ménagement) influenced the development in meaning of the English word management in the 17th and 18th centuries.

II. Management theories
1. Classical organization theory school
* Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856–1915)
Taylor published his work, «The Principles of Scientific Management”, in which he described how the applicationof the scientific method to the management of workers greatly could improve productivity. Scientific management methods called for optimizing the way that tasks were performed and simplifying the jobs enough so that workers could be trained to perform their specialized sequence of motions in the “one best way”.
Taylor argued that even the most basic, mindless tasks could be planned in a way thatdramatically would increase productivity, and that scientific management of the work was more effective than the "initiative and incentive" method of motivating workers. The initiative and incentive methods offered to increase productivity but placed the responsibility on the worker to figure out how to do it.
After years of various experiments to determine optimal work methods, Taylor proposed...
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