Notions d'anglais

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  • Publié le : 16 juin 2010
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SURVIVAL KIT
1. Mots-outils
POUR COMMENCER
First, firstly, first of all, in the first place, first and foremost, to begin / start with My first impression is…

POUR DEVELOPPER UN SUJET
Secondly, thirdly, then, next at first sight (à première vue) as a matter of fact, in fact (en fait) at all events, in any case (en fait) on second thoughts (à la réflexion) actually (effectivement) anyway(de toutes façons) in most cases (dans la plupart des cas) in this respect (à cet égard) to some extent (dans une certaine mesure) as far as … is concerned (en ce qui concerne) from a (adjectif) point of view (d'un point de vue + adj.)

POUR DONNER DES EXEMPLES
for instance, for example, such as, like namely (c'est-à-dire) above all (surtout)

POUR EXPRIMER LA CAUSE
as (étant donné que)because (parce que) for (car) since (puisque) This is the reason why (C'est la raison pour laquelle) because of (à cause de) owing to (en raison de) thanks to (grâce à) due to (du fait de) out of + nom (par + nom) Ex.: out of pity on account of (étant donné)

POUR EXPRIMER LE BUT
To, in order to, so as to + BV For + nom/pronom + TO + BV

POUR EXPRIMER LA CONDITION
if (si) in case (au cas où)suppose/supposing (à supposer que) provided/providing (pourvu que) on condition that (à condition que) so long as / as long as (à condition que)

POUR EXPRIMER LA CONSEQUENCE
so that (de telle sorte que) so…that (si…que) so much so that (à tel point que) that's why (c'est pourquoi) as a result of (en conséquence de) therefore (c'est pourquoi) accordingly (en conséquence) consequently (parconséquent) so, thus (ainsi) hence (d'où)

POUR EXPRIMER L'OPPOSITION
whereas / while (tandis que) unlike (à la différence de) contrary to (contrairement) as against (en opposition à) on the one hand…, on the other hand… (d'une part…, d'autre part) conversely (inversement) on the contrary (au contraire) in contrast to (en contraste avec) or else (ou alors) otherwise (autrement)

POUR EXPRIMER LE TEMPSeventually (finalement) till / until (jusqu'à ce que) while (pendant que) as long as (tant que) whenever (chaque fois que) since (depuis que) once (une fois que) meanwhile (pendant ce temps là) in the meantime (entre temps) at times (parfois)

POUR EXPRIMER LA RESTRICTION
although / though (bien que) as though / as if (comme si) even though / even if (même si) no matter what (peu importe ceque) whatever (quel que soit) no matter how (peu importe comment) however + adj. (si + adj. soit-il / elle) unless (à moins que) whether … or … (que … ou que…) yet / still (pourtant) however (cependant) nevertheless, nonetheless (néanmoins) for all…, despite … (malgré…) in spite of (en dépit de) for all I know

POUR AJOUTER UN ELEMENT
in addition to (outre) besides (d'ailleurs) furthermore (enoutre) moreover, what is more, on top of that (de plus) as well, also, too (aussi) similarly (de même)

POUR CONCLURE
To conclude, in conclusion, as a conclusion, in brief, in short, to put it in a nutshell, at last, finally, last but not least

Survival kit

2. Structures verbales
He wants me to come this afternoon. Your teacher expects you to work hard. He'd like his wife to dress well. Itis impossible for him to stop smoking. He asked him not to do it. She warned me not to be late. The kid made his dog jump. Verbes + BV Let me do that! I will have him do this hard work. We mustn't park here. I saw my sister go out. I’d rather stay with you. You'd better go! She was warned not to be late. Verbes + TO BV They were seen to go out. He seems to be all right. They hope to visit us nextyear. She is attempting to climb Mount Everest next month. I agreed to let him drive my car. He kept telling her not to worry. Verbes + V-ING She could not help saying something to him. She forgave her for being rude. He could hardly stop laughing. She stood looking at the photographs. This film was worth seeing. He enjoys playing tennis. I remember locking the door. The actors resented being...
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