Disponible uniquement sur Etudier
  • Pages : 2 (265 mots )
  • Téléchargement(s) : 0
  • Publié le : 3 avril 2011
Lire le document complet
Aperçu du document
The original people of Florida included the Timucia, Apalachee and Calusa Indians. They were absorbed by the Seminoles, who were mostly Lower Creeks fromGeorgia and Hitchiti who came to Florida in the early 18th century when it was Spanish territory. They were joined by other refugee Indians and escaped slaves.The Seminoles occupied land in northern Florida that was coveted by American settlers in Georgia. This and the fact that they were known for harboringfugitive slaves became cause for dissention. The U.S. was fighting the war of 1812 with the British.

Andrew Jackson was sent to seize the Florida territoryfrom Spain and he destroyed several Indian settlements before capturing Pensacola in May 1818. In 1819 Florida became a U.S. territory and colonists beganmoving in to nothern Florida and forcing the Indians to the south where the regions were unsuitable to their agriculture. In 1823 the Indians ceded most totheir tribal lands to the U.S. and in 1832 the treaty of " Paynes Land" bound them to move to territory west of the Mississippi. Andrew Jackson started a policyof Indian removal. The Indians resistance resulted in the Seminole wars. After the capture of Osceola in 1837, and the end of the 2nd Seminole war in 1842many of the Indians were forced west to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). After the third Seminole war another 250 were removed and a peace treaty was signedin 1935 with the remaining Indians. In 1962 the Mikasuki acquired ownership of their lands in the Everglades. The Florida Seminole have five reservations.