Algeria is bordered in the northeast byTunisia, in the east by Libya, in the west by Morocco, in the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali, in the southeast by Niger, and in the north by the Mediterranean Sea. Its size is almost2,400,000 square kilometres (930,000 sq mi), and it has an estimated population of about 35.7 million (2010). The capital of Algeria is Algiers.
Algeria is a member of the Arab League, UnitedNations, African Union, and OPEC. It is also a founding member of the Arab Maghreb Union.
2.1 Ancient history
2.2 Middle Ages
2.3 Arrival of Islam
2.5 Ottoman rule
2.6 French rule
2.7.1 Algerian political events (1991–2002)
2.7.2 Post war
3.1 Tropic of Cancer in the torrid zone
5 Foreign relations and military
6 Maghreb Union
7 Provinces and districts
10.1 Ethnic groups
14 Landscapes and monuments of Algeria
15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Algeria
16 International rankings
17 See also
21 External links
The name of the country is derived from the city of Algiers. A possible etymology links the city name toالجزائر Al-jazā’ir, a truncated form of the city's older name of جزائر بني مازغان jazā’ir banī mazghanā, the Arabic for "the islands of Mazghanna", as used by early medieval geographers such as...