( "Not for Lads", excerpt from Billy Elliot, by Melvin BURGESS (2001)
( Excerpt from The Awakening, by Kate CHOPIN (1893)
( "Across the Lines" by Tracy CHAPMAN (1985) and "Like a King" by Ben HARPER (1992)
( "Whistle Stop, Alabama, 1933", excerpt from Fried Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop, by Fannie FLAGG (1987)
( "No Reason to Worry", excerpt from All theDead Lie Down, by Mary Willis WALKER (1998)
( "Gun Violence in the US", by Stuart JEFFRIES, The Guardian, Friday May 17, 2002.
( "Mastering the Geometry of the Jungle with Math", by Nicholas BAKALAR, The New York Times, Saturday February 4, 2006
( "Illiterate America", by Shashi THAROOR, Newsweek, September 30, 2002.
( "Penniless but by No Means Poor", by Mari MARCEL-THEKAEKARA, TheGuardian Weekly, March 21, 1999.
Pour les T ES2 LV2 :
( "The New Gods", by Madeleine BUNTING, The Guardian, July 9, 2001
A la fin de ce document, après les commentaires de textes, vous retrouverez des conseils pour l'épreuve orale.
"Not for Lads", excerpt from Billy Elliot (2001) by Melvin BURGESS
I-Presentation of the doc
(Source ( date(
(Kind of document ((also a film
(Characters in the extract (
(What has just happened before = the picture( (décrivez l'image et expliquez ce qui
vient de se passer)
First paragraph = Billy and his father on their way back home
Paragraphs 2 & 3 = back home
(in the kitchen, sitting at the table)
Rest of the text = adialogue between Billy and his father
Billy's grandmother intervenes once
Subject of the dialogue = the father wants his son to stop dancing (ballet lessons)
II-An argument between father and son
(In the dialogue, each person expresses his opinion on Billy's doing ballet.
(Billy : -he loves dancing, he doesn't want to stop.
-he knows that's not usual for boys but hedoesn't understand what's the problem with dancing ("It's perfectly normal" l. 15, "It's just dancing…"l.33)
-he's stubborn in purpose (just to oppose his father l.43-44)
(the father :-he doesn't want Billy to dance anymore
-he wants his son to do something more for "boys" like football, wrestling, boxing…
-he doesn't really tell Billy the real reason for not doing ballet : because,according to the prejudice/stereotype, ballet is for "girls", or for "homosexuals"
-he's ready to use violence to make his son change his mind (l.41)
(The grandmother :-In the film she's shown as being senile.
-here she intervenes to help Billy convincing his father but she's actually doing the contrary (l. 18)
(the argument is violent and both parties are stubborn.
father readyto hit Billy
Billy is "scared" l.16.
(It's a first person narrative : Billy gives his vision of the scene so we're in the same state of mind (waiting, scared, angry maybe…)
(The suspense and tension are growing at the beginning of the text : the situation is explosive/tense.
We're with Billy on his way back home, waiting for the argument or/and the punishment.The father is angry
(generation gap : here we have a typical image of the generation gap with an argument between a father and his son. Both stubborn enough not to end it.
(Prejudice : Billy, as a young boy doesn't have prejudices yet. He knows ballet is usually more for girls but he doesn't understand it may also mean for homosexuals for some people. His father has this prejudice butdoesn't dare to tell Billy about it.
Billy's father, as a member of the mining union, fights for the workers' rights but he's afraid of what people would think of Billy's doing ballet, of Billy's choice of life.
Conclusion : a text about tolerance since here, a boy tries to do what he wants to do against the stereotypes.
It denounces intolerance, prejudice, stereotypes….