thème : présenter un métier du droit
officier de police = police officer
We are going to present you the job of police officer. In england and Wales, there are 141000 (one hundred and forty one thousand) police officers as of July 2009 (two thousand and nine). They are every members of federation of police of England and Wales. In England the rate ofcriminality is 6.523.706 (6 millions five hundred and twenty three thousand seven hundred and 6) crimes a year, so 85,55 (eighty five coma five five) per 1000 (one thousand) people. England is the second country to the world where there is the most criminality, after USA. So police officer are very important in this country. A police officer (also known as a policeman or policewoman) is a warrantedemployee of a police force. In the united state "officer" is the formal name of the lowest police rank; in many other countries "officer" is a generic term not specifying a particular rank, and the lowest rank is often "constable".
activities and roles :
Police officers are generally charged with the apprehension of criminals and the prevention and detection of crime, and themaintenance of public order. Police officers may be sworn to an oath, and have the power to arrest people and detain them for a limited time, along with other duties and powers. They have to have a good physical shape and a common sense of the justice.
Some police officers may also be trained in special duties, such as counter-terrorism, surveillance, child protection, VIP protection, and investigationtechniques into major crime, including fraud, rape, murder and drug trafficking but typical duties relate to keeping the peace, law enforcement, protection of persons and property, and the investigation of crimes. Officers are expected to respond to a variety of situations that may arise while they are on duty. Rules and guidelines dictate how an officer should behave within the community, and inmany contexts restrictions are placed on what the uniformed officer wears. In some countries, rules and procedures dictate that a police officer is obliged to intervene in a criminal incident, even if they are off-duty. Police officers in nearly all countries retain their lawful powers, while off-duty.
In the majority of western legal systems, the major role of the police is to maintain order,keeping the peace through surveillance of the public, and the subsequent reporting and apprehension of suspected violators of the law. They also function to discourage crimes through high-visibility policing, and most police forces have an investigative capability. Police have the legal authority to arrest, usually granted by magistrates. Police officers also respond to emergency calls, along withroutine community policing.
Police are often used as an emergency service and may provide a public safety function at large gatherings, as well as in emergencies, disasters, search and rescue situations, and road traffic collision. To provide a prompt response in emergencies, the police often coordinate their operations with fire and emergency medical service. In some countries, individuals servejointly as police officers as well as firefighters (creating the role of fire) or paramedics. In many countries, there is a common emergency service number that allows the police, firefighters, or medical services to be summoned to an emergency.
Police are also responsible for reprimanding minor offenders by issuing citations which typically may result in the imposition of fines, particularly forviolations of traffic law. Traffic enforcement is often and effectively accomplished by police officers on motorcycles— called motor officers, these officers refer to the motorcycles they ride on duty as simply motors. Police are also trained to assist persons in distress, such motorists whose car has broken down and people experiencing a medical emergency. Police are typically trained in basic...