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2- Forms
Forms of polygamy
Polygamy exists in three specific forms:polygyny - where the family unit consists of one man and multiple wives;polyandry - where the family unit consists of one woman and multiple husbands; or group marriage - where the family unit consists of multiple husbands and multiple wives. Historically, all three practices have been found, but polygyny is by far the mostcommon.[2] Confusion arises when the broad term "polygamy" is used when a specific form of polygamy is being referred to.
[edit] Polyandry
Polyandry is a practice where the family unit consists of one woman and more than one man. Fraternal polyandry was traditionally practiced among nomadic Tibetans in Nepal, parts of China and part of northern India, in which two or more brothers are married to thesame wife, with her having equal sexual access to them. Polyandry is believed to be more likely in societies with scarce environmental resources, as it is believed to limit human population growth and enhance child survival.[citation needed] On the other hand, a child with many "fathers", all of whom provide resources, is more likely to survive.[3] It is a rare form of marriage that exists notonly among poor families, but also the elite.[4]
[edit] Group marriage
Group marriage is a marriage where the family unit consists of more than one man and more than one woman, and of whom share parental responsibility for any children arising from the marriage.[citation needed]
Another possibility, which has been conceived in fiction (notably in Robert Heinlein's The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress),is a line marriage, where a deceased or departing spouse in the group is continually replaced by another so that family property never becomes dispersed through inheritance.
Other forms of no monogamous relationships are discussed at forms of no monogamy, such as polyandry.
3 Patterns of occurrence across religions
In the Islam, the polygamy, contrary to the adultery, is licit on certainconditions and is traditionally justified by diverse passages of the Koran with however a maximum of four wives simultaneously. Mahomet, in particular, had for example several women. Nevertheless, monogenic homes were always majority and this (tendency) becomes more marked, probably by a stricter reading of the surat 4.129 but also probably following the anti polygenic fights led by associationsand women's movements in the contemporary Moslem (societies).
In most of the Christianities, the Christian marriage is monogamist, with the exception of the Church of Jesus Christ of the saints of the last days in which the plural marriage was established then repealed in 1889. Some minorities, located in the United States, practice the polygamy forbidden by the law of this country,as the fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ today of the saints of the last days which consider that the Church of Jesus Christ of the saints of the last days ( main Mormon movement) was wrong to put an end to it in 1889. They have no link with the Church of Jesus Christ of the saints of the last days who does not recognize them as 'Mormons'.
In the Judaism, the polygamy is little ornot represented in the Torah and in the monastic communities which compose the Judaism.
- In explanatory some adopt the POLYGAMY for several reasons:
The Moslem religion is one of the main causes of the POLYGAMy.Indeed, this religion authorizes the POLYGAMy.In this case the man has the duty to like and to maintain all his women in the same way, because it claims that to avoid theadultery it is necessary that a man gets married to several women.
The infertility can be considered as cause of the POLYGAMY because some men who have a sterile wife are obliged to take a second one.Because to have a heir stays and lives the wish of every father.
The need of hand of work can be considered as a cause. Plus, women do not admit that her husbands take a second wife with whom...