Regulation of export and import
between EU to Russia
1.Figures and agreement 2
A)Figures about trade between EU and Russia 2
B)The partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA): 6
C)The Four Common Spaces: 6
2.How to export to Russia from European Union? 7
A)Customs rights and taxes 7B)Product certification 7
C)Law regulating export and import between EU and Russia 8
D)Regulation in Russia for import and export of products 10
E)Rules of Technical Regulations 10
F)Technical Regulation Marks and Documents 10
3.How to export to European Union from Russia? 10
A)International trade policy 11
B)Customs and TARIC 12
C)CE certificate 13
Figures and agreementFigures about trade between EU and Russia
Import/Export in Russia
(% of exportations)
(% of importations)
10 biggest customers of Russia: 50 % of the total export from Russia, with 34% for EU.
10 biggest suppliers of Russia: 60% of the total import in Russia; with 33% for EU.
Europe is the 1st trade partner of Russia:
The trade with the European Union dominates foreign exchangesof Russia. These one have tripled between 2000 and 2007 (+25% for importations of Russia from EU, and +27,5% for exportation towards EU in 2008).
Russia is the third trade partner of European Union by representing 10% of the EU exchanges, after United States and China. Whereas the EU part in the Russian trade reaches 50%. The trade balance is clearly favourable to Russia.
Value of exchanges in2009
|Direction of trade |Goods |Services |FDI |
|EU to Russia |€105 billion |€18 billion |€17 billion |
|Russia to EU |€173,2 billion |€11,5 billion |€1 billion |
The partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA):
ऀThe PCA has been the framework of the EU-Russia relationship formore than a decade. It was signed in 1994 and entered into force on 1997. The agreement regulates the political and economic relations between the EU and Russia and is the legal basis for the EU's bilateral trade and investment relations with Russia. One of its main objectives is the promotion of trade and investment as well as the development of harmonious economic relations between the parties. EUimports from Russia are to a very large extent not subject to any restrictions. However the existing rules provide more flexibility to Russia to adopt unilateral tariff measures. The PCA is still in effect, but European Union and Russia has to replace or renew it because now is obsolete. Indeed, at the framework the PCA was set up normally for 10 years, but they didn’t change it yet, so theyuse it again.
The Four Common Spaces:
ऀAt the St Petersburg Summit in 2003 the EU and Russia agreed to reinforce co-operation in long term with a view to creating four EU/Russia common spaces, based on the existing Partnership and Co-operation Agreement (PCA).
The Moscow summit in 2005 determines the actions necessary to make the common spaces a reality.
The four Common Spaces are:- Common Economic Space
- Common Space of Freedom, security and Justice
- Common Space on External Security
- Common Space on Research, Education, Culture. 
The one which interest us in this topic is the Common Economic Space.
Its objective for Trade facilitation and Customs: to facilitate, to standardize and to automate procedures; to increase the parties' capacity to...