Relations in between Czech Republic and European Union
Entrance of the Czech Republic in the European Union
The Czech Republic is a young member of EU. On October 4, 1993, the Czech Republic and the EU signed an Association Agreement which comes into force on 1 February 1996. And after negotiations began in 1998, the Czech Republic joins the European Union by referendumdated 14 June 2003, 77.3% of Czech voters (with a stake of 55.21%) approved the accession on May 1, 2004.
Finally they joined the Schengen area on December. 21, 2007.
From 1 January 2009, and until June 30, 2009, the Czech Republic for the first time access to the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The president Vaclav Klaus, eurosceptic, not working towards an active presidency,opens a major political crisis in the Czech government in this presidency.
Czech Chamber of Deputies gave its approval for ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon February 18, 2009 and the Senate May 6, 2009.
But Vaclav Klaus multiplies maneuvers to delay the signature in the hope that the upcoming election in the United Kingdom of a conservative personality will abandon the treaty. In autumn 2009,some eurosceptics senators asked Constitutional Court to examine the compatibility of the Lisbon Treaty with the Czech laws. Finally, the Constitutional Court dismissed the action November 3, 2009. The same day, President Vaclav Klaus signed the European text.
| |2004 |2009 || |% |seat | |% |seat | |
|KSČM |20,3 |6 | |14,2 |4 | |
|ČSSD |08,8 |2 | |22,4 |7 | |
|KDU-ČSL |09,6 |2 | |07,6 |2 | |
|SNK-ED |11,0 |3 | |01,7 |0 | |
|ODS |30,0 |9 | |31,5 |9 | |
But we must recall tothe Czech Republic was never very enthusiastic about the European Union, when we see the participation already not very important when referendum 2003. A then only 28% of Czechs went to polls to choose their MPs Parliament on May 2004. How to interpret this very low turnout even though the Republic Czech had just joined the Union?
And we have seen that in 2004 it is particularly the moreEurosceptic parties that had collected the largest number of votes. (ODS, KSCM). During the 2009 elections the turnout was not higher (28%), while the Czech Republic ended its EU presidency. This has not benefited from the craze for the Czech European Union. At the same time, we can observe that, it’s the same case for almost all of the new member of the European Union. Participation was rarely higherthan that of the 40% and is usually around 30%.
So I decide to analyse the programs of the major parties. To see some alternatives could be the future after the elections
The Elections of may 2010.
Twenty-seven Political parties and groups of all persuasions to participate in parliamentary elections on 28 and 29 May. I try to analyze the program of the main parties, those susceptible totake a seat. As political analyst Petr Just says: "The year 2010 will be very important because the general election, and later the Senate, will also decide on the representation of forces before the presidential election of 2013"
The Civic Democratic Party (ODS, conservative liberals)
Mirek Topolanek, the former prime minister and leader of the past eight years, retired executive two monthsbefore the elections, because he made comments insulting the voters of the CSSD, the political weakness of Prime Minister Jan Fischer and the Minister of Transport, Gustáv Slamečka, stating awkwardly in this context the Jewish origin of one's homosexuality. Petr Necas, vice-president, therefore has taken his place.
They are for Europe as open as possible, deregulated, flexible, liberalized, a...