I- Origines of slavery in United States.
The first record of African slavery in Colonial America was made in 1619. A British pirate ship, "the White Lion", had captured 20 Angolanslaves in a battle with a Portuguese ship bound for Veracruz, Mexico. The Angolans were from the kingdoms of Ndongo and Kongo, and spoke languages of the Bantu group.
Though the colony was in the middle of a period later known as "The Great Migration" during which this population grew from 450 to 4,000 residents. Morever, war with Native Americans kept the population of able-bodied laborers low.II- The conditions of black people
The culture of the tobacco and the institutionalization of the slavery .
The success of the tobacco in Europe pulled in the 1660s an important development of the culture of the grass to Nicot and therefore, of the system of plantations, at first in Virginia then in the Maryland and in the Caroline Islands. The explosion of the request, the importantprofits associated to the culture pulled a request in hand of work that did not succeed in satisfying the system of the engagisme.At the same time, the British had supplanted the Dutch people in the maritime domain and created in 1672 the royal Company of Africa in the only purpose to develop the slave business in the Atlantic Ocean. While the business with the iberian empires was saturated, the Britishcolonies(summer camps) represented an important potential outlet. The conjunction of interest which takes place between both parts, planters Confederates and slave traders, puts the ranging-poles of a fast development of the draft to North America.At the end of the XVIIth century, all the Blacks deported on the North American ground see imposing slave's status. The black codes, adopted in theState of Connecticut from 1690 and in Virginia in 1705 generalize explicitly this status, by defining the rights of the owners on individuals considered as household effects and thus devoid of rights. During the British colonial period, all the colonies(summer camps), in the North as in the South, possessed slaves.Those of the North were mainly used on houseworks, those of the South working from thevery beginning in farms and plantations cultivating plantations of indigo, some rice and some tobacco, the cotton becoming the main culture only during 1790s. In South Carolina in 1720 about 65 % of the population was established(constituted) by slaves, mainly used by the rich farmers and the planters sour to the export. The part in the world production of the raw cotton of the Americanplantations is crossed(spent) then brutally from 5 % to 70 % within fifteen years, between 1790 and 1805, the new United States of America trying with difficulty to follow the explosion of the request of the factories of the region of Manchester, in the colonizing ex-power, where the cotton is over this short period the ferment of the first industrial revolution of Europe.The price of the cotton begins byrising of 50 %, from 30 to 45 hundred by pound between 1790 and 1800, before returning gradually unless 10 hundred in 1840, with the extension of plantations in the West, on a large scale, in future four states.The culture of the cotton, and with her the slavery, spread on the West with the expansion of the United States.People enslaved in the North typically worked as house servants, artisans,...