First Draft: Stanley Kubrick
Steven Spielberg said about Kubrick: “Stanley Kubrick was a chameleon able to change kind in each movie”. Very young, Stanley Kubrick understood and had interest for one thing; each man has a part of vice inside himself. This idea will become a major topic of each of his movies. They become apsychological and physical differentiation between the good and the bad than each man choose to fight or to spread. For his praise of violence, and his way to show man’s inhumanity to man, many of his films at first had received bad critics’ interpretation, but years later, had became acclaimed as masterpieces that had an influence on many later generations of film-maker. Many different ways can be used torecognize Kubrick’s style, first the technique, then his intentions, with how the movies were viewed by critics when they came out, and finally what Kubrick gave to the Cinema.
Firstly, Kubrick is known to be a great cinema technician. He was making part in each level of the creation of a movie. It was not rare to see him at the credits as director, producer, scriptwriter, director ofphotography, visual effects, editor… he always used a book to adapt a movie but he also went away from the original work to rewrite it like he wanted. Then, in The Shining, work adapted from Stephen King’s novel, the author didn’t like the Kubrick rewriting, which, according to him, had betrayed the novel. The structure of his scenarios was always linear, without flashback, and divided in two orthree different parts. For example in “Clockwork orange” we can see “the crimes”, “the punition” and “the redemption”. At the direct part, Kubrick is really interested in the main tool of a movie-maker: the camera. He tries every time to look for new ways to use it, searching for original framing, and pushing back the technical limits of cameras than studios provided to him. For Kubrick, sets areprincipal elements. Some scenes can show a set alone, without music or speech, which can long few minutes. Sometimes a character is in this set, but in a secondary way, only to put in front the set. These scenes are often used, like in 2001 A Space Odyssey. This way to record movies show the work of Kubrick as a series of marking images, as a “visual poem”.
Secondly, a movie is alsointentions. The first reason which pushed Kubrick to create a movie was to please the audience. When a movie didn’t have enough success, he was upset against himself and could get depression for that. He had troubles to endure critics, during the preview showing; he had only one fear; that people leave the cinema before the end of the movie. Of course, he didn’t forget that his main will was to shout outand to shock the audience. For him, the Cinema is a weapon that permits to express his ideas and his very pessimist sight of humanity. We can see that in the provocative “Clockwork Orange” that did a scandal when it came out in 1972, with his many scene of violence accompanied be Beethoven’s music. Kubrick had decided himself to take off this movie from cinemas in England after a rapist said hehad been inspired by the movie to commit an attack. The movie-maker was profoundly shocked by this scandal, and then the censorship took care of taking off definitely the movie from all British cinemas. It was officially shown again just after Kubrick’s death in 1999. Kubrick made some war movies. Each one was treating the subject in a different way. In Paths of Glory we see the French army duringthe First World War in a pessimist (ridiculous) way, which led the movie to be censor during 25 years in France. In Doctor Strangelove, Kubrick talks about the cold war, when the Americano-Russian relations were very strained. This movie was severely attacked, and Kubrick was shown as a traitor, which led him to leave to England. Each new movie of Kubrick is a torrent of critics that make him an...