The Stability Pact for SouthEastern Europe and the prospect of the inclusion of the Republic of Moldova
«The Stability Pact for SouthEastern Europe and the prospect of the inclusion of the Republic of Moldova»
by Oleg Ungureanu
Source: SEER SouthEast Europe Review for Labour and Social Affairs (SEER SouthEast Europe Review for Labour and Social Affairs), issue: 04 / 2000, pages: 129138, on www.ceeol.com.
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The Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe and the prospect of the inclusion of the Republic of Moldova
Introduction The Stability Pact, according to its founding document, adopted on June 10 1999, aims at strengthening countries in south-easternEurope in their efforts to foster peace, democracy, respect for human rights and economic prosperity, in order to achieve stability in the whole region.1 More than one year after the launch of this process, views as to the impact and the efﬁciency of the Stability Pact remain controversial. The supporters of the Pact refer, ﬁrst of all, to the Regional Funding Conference (Brussels, March 29-30,2000), at which international donors pledged €2.4bn for the projects presented within the Stability Pact. In their opinion, these commitments, which went far beyond expectations, underline a real political will to promote the objectives of the Stability Pact and constitute a guarantee of its success. Furthermore, they consider that this initial period of time was important for providing the Pactwith the appropriate working mechanisms and for the development of its activities, initiatives and projects. Thus, in their opinion, the ﬁrst stage – of preparation – has been concluded and a second stage of implementation may now follow. The Pact’s opponents consider that it has not achieved the expected results. They severely criticise its inefﬁciency in solving the problems the region is facing,invoking particularly its over-complex structure and poor leadership.2 The more cynical opponents doubt that the promised funds would ever be allocated and, even if this did happen, they believe that the respective amounts would return to the same western pockets.3 It is natural to have different opinions: some underlining the positive aspects of the Pact and others which stress its weaknesses.However, we have to recognise that the Stability Pact, with all its virtues, could not, in only one year, draw the people of south-eastern Europe out of the vicious circle formed by a pre-disposition towards violence, the democratic deﬁcit and the lack of infrastructure.4 This is why, for the time being, it is premature to state that the Pact is either a success or a failure just as, in the case ofthe Marshall Plan, it would have been premature to make a similar afﬁrmation a year after its launch.
1 2 3 4 Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe, Köln, 10 June 1999, Art. III. South-East European Information Network, Volume 2 Issue 12, June 22 2000, p. 4 (http:/ /www.seein.org). Mabel Wisse Smit: The jury is still out on the Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe. Deutschland, Nr. 4/99,August/September RO, p. 22.
South-East Europe Review
S. 129 – 138
Growing attention towards the Stability Pact has been registered in the Republic of Moldova as well, both at the political level and as regards public opinion. However, due to the country’s still uncertain status within the Pact, the main debates do not touch upon the efﬁciency of the processand mostly focus on the chances of the Republic of Moldova being included in the Stability Pact as a fully-ﬂedged member. The interest of the Moldovan authorities in the Stability Pact is determined by the advantages the Republic of Moldova could draw from it in solving the pressing problems that it faces and, in the ﬁrst place, by the perspective of full integration into the European Union...