A good reading of the text is important.
Pay attention to the punctuation/ pronunciation of the phonemes/ intonation/ stressing of the wordsThe introduction
1- Give the source of the extract
“The passage I’m going to present is taken from the novel The Fifth Child by Doris Lessing. It was published in 1988.”
2- Make a brief summary ofthe novel.
3- Situate the passage in its context. (information about the plot at that stage of the novel/ what happened earlier in the text/ Give all the necessary information to allow the personyou’re speaking to to understand the situation)
4- Say what the content of the passage is in 2 or 3 sentences.
“The passage is about…/ concerns… / deals with…/ describes…”
5- Then say what the interestsof the text are. “Several interests stand out (se detachent) in this excerpt. First, then…/ When reading the passage, we’re inevitably struck by the atmosphere/ the contrast between…/ opposition… /what is of primary importance here is... the value of the text lies in…”
6- Say what your plan is.
“As a starting point, I shall examine…then…/ I’ll first consider the way in which DL treats…/ I willfocus my attention on…”
The main points of interests of a text are usually:
- the narrative technique
- the psychological interest/ characters’ feelings
- the setting/ the building upof the atmosphere
- the literary influences (gothic/ horror fiction)
- the incidents/ the events described in the text as crucial experiences
- the underlying themes
- the socialcriticism
Your transition must appear clearly.
Use linking words and avoid such sentences as “ then we have…” or “there is the theme of…”
Often refer to your text by giving the lines
p.214./ line75/ in chapter 5/
I quote l.12/ this is exemplified l.12/ this is illustrated l. 12/ Then, this idea is echoed further down l.20, and it is emphasized/ stressed again l.23