What about china ?

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Camille Legendre 2nde 2

Geography’s folder :


I- Introduction

II- Chinese population and several information about it

III- Political regime and economic growth

IV- Weaknesses of the Chinese giant and their consequences

V- Culture, geography, administration and patrimonial

VI- ConclusionVII- Sources

VIII- Mark and comments

I- Introduction

During this study, I’m going to develop some various aspects and sectors of China. From the Chinese population to the monuments.

I have chosen China on account of its position into the world, but also for its diversity, which can be found at the landscapes, jobs, cultures…

I am almost sure that tomorrow it will takethe place of the United States. And it will occupy the leading position.

II- Chinese population

China gathers one fifth of world population, with approximately 1,4 billion people. However, extrapolations estimate that in ten years, India will be the most populous country.

The population is unequally distributed, indeed it is concentrated on al large strip to the east, whichmeans the big metropolis’s site. That’s why there is an important gap between West of China, virtually uninhabited and the eastern coast, extremely crowded.


We can explain differences in densities saying that a lot of people have left the countryside for the urban life. Indeed, there are more firms, so more work. The countryside’s inhabitants had run away misery, poor incomes ... Itmay be also because “sea resorts” attract population.
Climates and landscapes are different through China, so there are certainly geographical determinism (other examples: high altitudes, distance from centres...).
But citizens are predominately farmers. They are in the countryside and the provinces.

Chinese have to face an inequality between poor and well-off. Several years ago,political regime had established a frank of the birth rate. It was the law of the only child, which still exists. But rich or modest families can have other children, if they pay something, a sort of tax. Of course, farmers, who don’t have a lot of money, can’t take the liberty of doing an other baby.


So, China holds an immense population (though a part is very poor), which is a very goodadvantage for the economy.

Information about it

With a surface of 9,600,000 km2 , China has a density of 136.9 inhabitants per kilometres.

The official language is the “Mandarin”, but it isn’t the only one. Of course Chinese languages are majority with 93.5 %. But there are approximately 200 languages, 24 of them are Chinese and 35 of them are not Chinese.

In the 60’s, therewere “only” 600 million of people. In the course of the next decade, Chinese’s population will increase of eight million of people, each year.

The law of the only child had been created at the end of 1970.

The birth rate reaches 13.4 %, the death rate : 6.97 %, the growth rate : 0.59 % and the literacy teaching rate : 90.9 %.

As we have seen, there are differences between rich andpoor, not only with the law on the only child, but also with work. Indeed, the medium salary of country people is approximately 350 € and the medium salary of city dwellers is approximately 1,170 €.

Unemployment rate is 9.0 %, but it isn’t totally reliable because government doesn’t take the real rate.

Thanks to medicine’s progresses, life expancy increases. In 50’s it was at 35-40 yearsand in 2007 at 72.9 years.

III- Political regime and economic growth

Hu Jintao, actual president of the People Republic of China (PRC)

In December 1982 was adopted the present Constitution, by the fifth session of the V National Popular Party.
China is managing by the China Communist party (it is the only one party “ au pouvoir”). There are more than 66 million members. This...