Shakespeare is a very important figure in the western culture because he stills remain a huge influence into the artists’ works today. His plays are translated in a lot of languages and are regularly played everywhere all around the world. He is one of the only playwrights who have written both comedies and tragedies.
Shakespeare wrote 37 plays between 1580 and 1613. We can alsomesure his influence on the anglo-saxon culture, since we notice the large amount of references which are done about him, through quotations, work title or through the innumerable adaptations of his works. You may already know that English is called: Shakespeare’s language.
A Mysterious life:
But we can ask ourselves a lot of questions about his life and his works. Indeed, throughout the ages,some have even said that he never had existed. However we know today that this is wrong and the fact that a certain William Shakespeare had existed during the XVI Th century was proved. Despite all of that, we have just a few elements of his life and a lot of questions are remaining about his plays’ authorship.
Je n’aie pas trouvé les versions anglaises des citations. (moi nonplus j’en ai mis qu’une)^^
William Shakespeare (clic) was born to John Shakespeare and mother Mary Arden some time in late April 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon. There is no record of his birth, but his baptism was recorded by the church, thus his birthday is assumed to be the 23 of April. His father was a prominent and prosperous alderman in the town of Stratford-upon-Avon, and was later granted a coatof arms by the College of Heralds. All that is known of Shakespeare's youth is that he presumably attended the Stratford Grammar School, and did not proceed to Oxford or Cambridge. The next record we have of him is his marriage (clic) to Anne Hathaway in 1582. The next year she bore a daughter for him (clic), Susanna, followed by the twins (clic) Judith and Hamnet two years later.
Seven yearslater Shakespeare is recognized (clic) as an actor, poet and playwright. A few years later he joined up with one of the most successful acting troupe's in London: The Lord Chamberlain's Men. When, in 1599, the troupe lost the lease of the theatre where they performed, (appropriately called The Theatre) they were wealthy enough to build their own theatre (clic) across the Thames, south of London,which they called "The Globe." The new theatre opened in July of 1599, built from the timbers of The Theatre, with the motto “A whole world of players” When James I came to the throne (1603) the troupe was designated (clic) by the new king as the King's Men (or King's Company). The Letters Patent of the company specifically charged Shakespeare and eight others "freely to use and exercise the artand faculty of playing Comedies, Tragedies, Histories, Inerludes, Morals, Pastorals, stage plays ... as well for recreation of our loving subjects as for our solace and pleasure."
Shakespeare entertained the king and the people for another ten years until June 19, 1613, when a canon fired from the roof of the theatre for a gala performance of Henry VIII set fire to the thatch roof and burned(clic) the theatre to the ground. The audience ignored the smoke from the roof at first, being to absorbed in the play, until the flames caught the walls and the fabric of the curtains. Amazingly there were no casualties, and the next spring the company had the theatre "new builded in a far fairer manner than before." Although Shakespeare invested in the rebuilding, he retired from the stage to theGreat House of New Place in Statford that he had purchased (clic) in 1597, and some considerable land holdings, where he continued to write until his death (clic) in 1616 on the day of his 52nd birthday.
Œuvres : collaboration avec d’autres dramaturges
Like the most of writers of his period, Shakespeare didn’t write alone. A certain number of his works result from colaborations, even if the...