Cinq hommes clés de l'histoire des etats-unis
George Washington (1732 1799), General and first President * Worked as a surveyor in 1748, took part in the French and Indian war (1754-63) as a lieutenant colonel.
1755 : commander-in-chief of the Virginia militia > defending thr frontier.
Was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses (1759-74), opposed England’s land policies * 1775, was chosen commander-in-chief of the Continental Army > war of 6 years. * To correct shortcomings of the Articles of Confederation, was chosen to preside the Constitutional Convention 1787. * Was elected President after the ratification of the Constitution. Opposition among members of his cabinet (Jefferson and Hamilton) > led to the formation of the Democrat-Republican and Federalist parties. * Reelected in 1792, criticized for his neutrality in the war between England and revolutionary France. Refused a third term * The portrait of the most important Founding Father is on the one-dollar bill.
Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), 16th president 1861-1865, leader of the Union in the Civil War * He practiced law in Illinois In 1837, was elected to the state legislature (1832-42) before sitting in Congress in 1846. * 1856, joined the new Republican Party, unsuccessfully run for senator. * 1860 became President. Before his inauguration, 7 southern states seceded, 1861 4 more states >> they formed the Confederate States of America with Jefferson Davis as President. * 1863 the Emancipation Proclamation > paved the way for the 13th Amendment. Advocate a reconciliatory policy toward the South.
>> “Honest Abe” , “The Great Emancipator” had brought about the abolition of slavery and preserved the Union.
Native American chief
Opposition to the supremacy of the Whites and their fight against the US cavalry. * Tecumseh (1768-1813) : tried to unite all Indian tribes, lead them to fight the Americans in the War of 1812. * Sitting