Hamlet – Acte III, scène 1,
Hamlet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare and published in 1603. The story takes place in Denmark. At the beginning of the play, Hamlet saw his father’s ghost which told him that he had been killing by his brother, Claudius. Hamlet is sad and decided to make people think he is crazy, to give him time to think about what he will do. During thatscene, Hamlet thinks to be alone but he is listened by Polonius and Claudius. In that soliloquy which is one of the most famous of Theatre History, Hamlet meditates on life’s suffering and about what he has to do: “To be or not to be”. Firstly, we will talk about Hamlet’s dilemma. Secondly, we’ll study the death’s temptation and then, we will work on the choice to be.
I. Hamlet’s dilemmaII. The death’s temptation
III. The choice to be
I. Hamlet’s dilemma
a. Hamlet, a loose man
He is a young boy who is student in Wittenberg’s university. He is also the King of Denmark’s son: King Hamlet who was killed by his brother Claudius. Now, Claudius replaces him on the throne. Moreover, he married Hamlet’s mother in less than two months of the King’s death. Hamletis so sad of having loose his father and above all to see his uncle on the throne with his mother. The young boy is loose. In addition to that, he had seen his father’s ghost which told him that he was killed by his own brother: he wants to take revenge and asks his son to do it. Hamlet, who is a rational boy, sees all the things he was sure called into question. Indeed, he would never think thathis uncle was able to kill someone and he sees his father’s ghost, which seems to be unreal. Hamlet has loosed his bearings and feels alone.
b. “To be or not to be, that is the question”
Contrary to what is generally thinking by people, Hamlet is not asking him about live or dead. He wants to know if he has to accept his fate or if he must revenge his father. “To be or not to be” is afamous sentence which sum up the Hamlet’s thought. From line 2 to line 5, there is an explanation of that sentence. Man has the choice: he can “suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune”, that means “not to be” or “take arms against a sea of troubles and by opposing end them”, “to be”. Hamlet can decide to let the fare doing and not do anything to revenge his father. So, he would be adesperate boy all life long. Shakespeare uses “to suffer” to talk about the life: man suffers the life and do not have good time. Life is bad. Then, he uses “the sling and arrows” which must refer to life’s events which man meets. There must be hard moments which hurt the man and make him suffer. An “outrageous fortune” means that there is not anything good in that life of “not to be”. However, Hamletcan revenge is father and kill Claudius. By that sentence: “to take arms against a sea of troubles and by opposing end them”, the author may wants us think about war: Hamlet has “to take arms” so it means to fight bad things of life: “troubles”. When he says “a sea of troubles”, we can suppose that he talks about bad moments which can be fight and so, things could be better then. But, will it bethe end of problems when Hamlet will take revenge of his father? He can’t know before to do it. But that soliloquy is not only for Hamlet, it concerns all men and women: he talks to him and does his introspection but that he says can be useful for all people.
CCL: By this existential question, Hamlet tries to understand who he is and then, he wants to do the good choice. This dilemma can alsodeals with suicide.
II. The death’s temptation
a. Hamlet’s conception of life
“suffer” – “heart-ache” – “thousand natural shocks” – “to bear” – “fardels bear” – “to grunt and sweat”. For him, life isn’t good and is too difficult to bear. There are too many things which make man suffer and feel hurt. Life is like tortures which make man feel bad all time. There isn’t anything which...
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