“Do we live in a global age?”… This sentence brings out two major characteristics: the need to provide additional tools for understanding the world today, and concern about the prospects offered by the current capitalism. The new century has opened is marked both by continuity, and both by profound changes. Jacques Chirac (former President of France) has said: “Globalization is a new face of thehuman adventure.” This illustrates the fact that globalization is due to men and is part of our present and especially our future. Moreover, Jacques Le Goff (French historian) has also said “Globalization is neither a horror or happiness”. This sentence is the link that follows this essay. Indeed, I shall announce in the first part, the contribution of colonialism and trade, in a second part Iwill discuss the direct benefits of globalization, especially on 2 criteria being tourism and trade. Last, but not least, I will state the disadvantages and shortcomings that can make globalization in various fields.
Firstly, taking a theoretical definition of globalization: “Globalization (or globalisation) describes an ongoing process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures havebecome integrated through a globe-spanning network of communication and trade. The term is sometimes used to refer specifically to economic globalization: the integration of national economies into the international economy through trade, foreign direct investment, capital flows, migration, and the spread of technology. However, globalization is usually recognized as being driven by a combination ofeconomic, technological, sociocultural, political, and biological factors. The term can also refer to the transnational circulation of ideas, languages, or popular culture through acculturation.”
We can therefore pose a problem with 2 questions: Today, the benefits of the globalization outweigh the adverse effects on certain countries? Can we say that globalization is a new form of social classes?Through this essay, I will try to answer these 2 questions helping me to do I integrate the various annexes to the end.
1. The contribution of the colonialism and the trade
In this part, I will make a brief history of globalization, and especially I will present the different criteria today explaining that we live in a global period.
From a sociological standpoint, Zygmunt Bauman,sociologist and professor emeritus of the University of Warsaw and Leeds: "Globalization is inevitable and irreversible. We already live in a world of interconnection and interdependence across the globe. Anything can happen anywhere affects the lives and future of people everywhere. When assessing the measures to adopt in a given location, we must take into account the reactions in the world. Nosovereign territory so vast, populous, however rich, can protect itself living conditions, its safety, long-term prosperity, its social model or the existence of its inhabitants. Our mutual dependence takes place in the world (...) ". The inevitable or natural process of globalization is often put forward.
Moreover, as soon as globalization has become a global phenomenon, we sought to define it.Two designs, one can say "unitary" and "confrontational and plural" compete around the explanation of this phenomenon.
According to the unitary concept, globalization refers to the notion of a united world, a world forming a global village, a world without borders. This approach in a geographical, ideological or economic. This view is supported by international organizations or internationalinstitutions (including the IMF, WTO and others), including the current ideological globalism. Define globalization as the unification of the world means that we talk about the interpenetration of cultures, technologies and economies (integration into the global economy). Thus, expressions like global culture or global culture, global governance, world economy or global citizen are increasingly...
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