By Hida Abbad, Courtney Kruschel
and Ian Orchard
A satire can take the form of a novel, an essay, a poem, a video, an article, a comic strip, and even acaricature. It can also be funny, light, simple as well as complicated, heavy bitter, severely sarcastic etc.. In a satire, certain issues, people, iconic figures orsituations are emphasized to be ridiculed, scorned or criticised. The author often does this b using such techniques as sarcasm, irony, paradox, humour, and wit. Although it can havemany purposes a satire often corresponds to one of two categories (note that a satire may not fit entirely into one category but in most cases it can be categorized by its maincharacteristics)
These categories are:
Juvenalian; which is characterized by its bitter and serious tone it aims to encourage social change: Often written about social,political and or economical issues. As opposed to the other category of satire, Juvenalian is more serious and is not playful; it also does not flatter in anyway the subjectof the attack.
Horatian: Is a little lighter in tone than a Juvenalian type satire, as it certainly uses humour, light sarcasm, and/or irony. It pokes fun at certain issuesand we often see this for of satire in caricatures in newspapers, comic strips, sitcoms and video clips.
Collins Canadian English Dictionary
Collins. Canadian English Dictionary and Thesaurus: The Ultimate Canadian Reference
Toronto: Harper CollinsPublishers; 2004
Merriam-Webster. 2011. Merriam-Webster Incorperated.
Dictionary.com. 2011. LLC.
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