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Pages: 7 (1600 mots) Publié le: 9 juin 2013
Niger

Autre pays ne parvenant pas à exploiter ses ressources naturelles et classé parmi les plus pauvres du monde : le Niger, pourtant doté d’un sous-sol riche en or, fer, charbon, uranium et pétrole. La pauvreté est principalement rurale : l’agriculture nigérienne est peu productive et incapable de satisfaire les besoins de sa population. Avec la réduction des terres cultivables due à lasécheresse et la forte pression démographique, le Niger connaît une crise économique majeure et les pénuries alimentaires sont chroniques. Les trois-quarts des pauvres sont des femmes au foyer. Les préoccupations concernent principalement les domaines de l’éducation, de la santé ou encore de l’emploi, où beaucoup reste à faire.

Nationality: | |
noun: Nigerien(s) adjective: Nigerien |
| |Ethnic groups: | |
Haoussa 55.4%, Djerma Sonrai 21%, Tuareg 9.3%, Peuhl 8.5%, Kanouri Manga 4.7%, other 1.2% (2001 census) |
| |
Languages: | |
French (official), Hausa, Djerma |
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Religions: | |
Muslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20% |
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Population: | |
16,344,687 (July 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 64 |
| |
Agestructure: | |
0-14 years: 50.1% (male 4,134,198/female 4,056,350)15-24 years: 18% (male 1,456,050/female 1,492,357) 25-54 years: 26% (male 2,118,042/female 2,125,393) 55-64 years: 3.2% (male 273,892/female 257,234) 65 years and over: 2.6% (male 219,011/female 212,160) (2012 est.) population pyramid: |
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Median age: | |
total: 15.2 yearsmale: 15 years female: 15.4 years (2012est.) |
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Population growth rate: | |
3.36% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 3 |
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Birth rate: | |
47.6 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1 |
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Death rate: | |
13.4 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 19 |
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Net migration rate: | |
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012est.)country comparison to the world: 100 |
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Urbanization: | |
urban population: 17% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 4.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.) |
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Major cities - population: | |
NIAMEY (capital) 1.004 million (2009) |
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Sex ratio: | |
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/femaleunder 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.) |
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Maternal mortality rate: | |
590 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)country comparison to the world: 13 |
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Infant mortality rate: | |
total: 89.7 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 7 male: 94.5 deaths/1,000 live births female: 84.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2012est.) |
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Life expectancy at birth: | |
total population: 53.8 yearscountry comparison to the world: 204 male: 52.51 years female: 55.13 years (2012 est.) |
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Total fertility rate: | |
7.16 children born/woman (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1 |
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Health expenditures: | |
6.1% of GDP (2009)country comparison to the world: 101 |
| |Physicians density: | |
0.019 physicians/1,000 population (2008) |
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Hospital bed density: | |
0.31 beds/1,000 population (2005) |
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Sanitation facility access: | |
improved: urban: 34% of population rural: 4% of population total: 9% of population unimproved: urban: 66% of population rural: 96% of population total: 91% of population |
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HIV/AIDS - adult prevalencerate: | |
0.8% (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 56 |
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HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: | |
61,000 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 54 |
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HIV/AIDS - deaths: | |
4,300 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 42 |
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Major infectious diseases: | |
degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal...
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