Social castes in india

Pages: 5 (1248 mots) Publié le: 22 mars 2011

India is a country in south Asia known to be the most populous democracy in the world with over 1.2 billion people. It's as well the seventh-largest country geographicaly. Its capital, New Delhi, is one of the fastest growing cities in the world .

The wealthy indian culture is marked by a high degree of pluralism due to the diversity of its religions. Induism, buddhism,jainism, sikism are originated there and judaism, christianity, islam
arrived in the first millenium, shaping the regions's diverse cultures.

Besides the country was annexed by the british east India Company (wich initially was a trade company) from the early 18th century and colonised by the UK from mid-19th century.
India became independent in 1947 thanks to a non-violent resistance ledby mahatma Gandhi.

To all of that follows a cultural syncretism which makes the charm of the country.
Nevertheless India possesses a certain uniquinesse and several elements of India's culture, such as buddhism, Induism, food and Yoga, have an impact all across the world.
The culture of India may be an old legacy of diverse sub-cultures, still, we can underline certain youngermanifestations like cricket (from UK) or bollywood cinema.

As it is impossible to summarize all this diversity in one folder, we made the choice of focusing our work on two aspects of this culture. The first part will deal about the art of indian cinema and the second one about the social topic of castes, who are, as you will see both are related.

2- The social reality in India

Previsouly, we sawhow bollywood's casting is based on social elitism, and how castes were represented through these films. In this second part we are going to highlight some of the injustices of this social organisation .

a) The context

There is no universal accepted theory about the origins of social castes in India though we can observe some similarities with other nations such as Iran.

First-of-all ithas to be known that castes's barriers have mostly broken down for most of the population residing among large cities.
Yet in comparaison with other countries, India is still a nation with a strong social stratification, indeed in some rural areas the caste system is still very rigid.
The caste discrimination has been outlawed in the constitution, in spite of this step the system is survivingthrough politics and the social beliefs...

The Indian social system involves four major castes wich are :

-The Brahmins: priests, scholars and teachers
-The Kshatriyas: warriors and rulers
-The Vaishyas: traders, farmers and landowners
-The Sudras: non-Aryans
* twice born = they have undergone the sacred ceremony of a second stage of life

The first level of thegraphic represents more than 160 million people in India who are « untouchable», also called Dalit they are considered impure from birth and usually perform unclean jobs.

The four castes are generaly related to induism although the system has been assimilated by the other religions over the centuries. There are more than 100 castes repertoried in India.

All of this brings us to ask ourselvesabout the condition of human rights in India and how this archaic system still oppresses or promotes some part of the nation according to their social origins...

b) Dalit and Human rights

Although it is based on Induism's old principles, the system presists today for political and economical reasons and a rigid segregation caste exists.

The untouchability was officially banned whenIndia adopted its constitution in 1950.
despite of it, many villages across India still have, for instance, employed Dalits to clean their public dry toilets. They had to do it bare hands, the same way they're used to do since ages. The untouchables are trapped in an inescapable cycle of poverty,illiteracy and oppression.
“Dalits are not allowed to drink from the same wells, attend the same...
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